Daniel L Christiansen dlc at multnomah.edu
Mon Jul 12 21:40:56 EDT 1999

    I would like to bypass the more general question of the nature of
hendiadys, and address the meaning of the specific phrase in question,
hUDATOS KAI PNEUMATOS.  It seems to me that we dealt with the more
general question at some length about a month back (or was that on

    JDG Dunn's 1970 work Baptism in the Holy Spirit (Westminster) does a
pretty good job on this phrase.  I would suggest that anyone interested
in its meaning take a look at chapter 2 of his book.  In brief, his
conclusion is that the two elements cannot be hendiadys, or even
multiple references to a common referent.  In fact, the water is being
contrasted to spirit, rather than in any way joined to it.

Daniel L. Christiansen
Department of Bible
Multnomah Bible College
8435 NE Glisan Street
Portland, OR  97220
(Also Portland Bible College, Prof of Biblical Languages)
e-mail: dlc at multnomah.edu

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