Edgar Foster questioning1 at yahoo.com
Mon Jul 12 08:13:05 EDT 1999

--- N & RJ Hanscamp <nar.hanscamp at clear.net.nz> wrote:

>Morris sees thus. "We should take the passage
> to mean being born of "spiritual water", and see
> this as another way of refering to being born "of
> the Spirit"." (218)  Morris begins with the link
> between water and male semen, thus pointing to a
> natural birth, and adapts it. "We may take "water"
> and "Spirit" closely together to give a meaning like
> "spiritual seed."" (216)


Not that I agree with this understanding, but GRB Murray explains that
to be begotten by water and spirit is the same as being "begotten from
above." He then cites GM Burge who writes that John 3:5 is indeed an
example of hendiadys because "both nouns are anarthrous and are
governed by a single preposition" (Murray, George. _Theology in the
Fourth Gospel_. 64-66). Burge thus concludes that we have a "single
concept" given in John 3:5. 

As mentioned above, I do not agree with this interpretation of the
phrase hUDATOS KAI PNEUMATOS, but there are those who do view the text
in this way.

Best regards,


Edgar Foster
Classics Major
Lenoir-Rhyne College


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