B1ackIrish at aol.com B1ackIrish at aol.com
Mon Jul 12 04:51:51 EDT 1999

It is certainly not hendiadys: the point in 3:5 is that there were Jewish 
baptisms abroad--both Temple-sanctioned and renegade baptisms at the river's 
edge--which could not convey the Spirit. John the Baptist admits as much: see 
1:26 and 1:33. Jesus fulfills and transcends Jewish cultic practice: that's 
one of the keys to understanding John's Christology.

The miracle at Cana artfully prepares us for this saying: Jesus transforms 
simple water--held in Jewish purification-rite jars, sitting empty, 
inefficacious--into a vivifying spirit. 

Certainly not hendiadys.

Peace and grace,
Ed Craig

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