N & RJ Hanscamp nar.hanscamp at clear.net.nz
Sun Jul 11 23:13:54 EDT 1999

    At 11:46 AM +1200 7/12/99, N & RJ Hanscamp wrote:
        Can Jn 3.5 "hUDATOS KAI PNEUMATOS" be a hendiadys?
    What SINGLE notion might be expressed by the use of these two words together? "spiritual water"? "liquid spirit"? I think you might do best here to consult Raymond Brown's commentary for the range of ways in which this phrase has been understood.
    Carl W. Conrad
    Morris sees thus. "We should 
 take the passage to mean being born of "spiritual water", and see this as another way of refering to being born "of the Spirit"." (218)  Morris begins with the link between water and male semen, thus pointing to a natural birth, and adapts it. "We may take "water" and "Spirit" closely together to give a meaning like "spiritual seed."" (216)



    Nigel and Rebecca Hanscamp
    Trinity Methodist Theological College
    Auckland Consortium of Theological Education, New Zealand
    Email: nar.hanscamp at clear.net.nz

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