AUTOU in Matt 8:5

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at
Sat Jul 10 17:23:12 EDT 1999

At 11:00 AM -0600 7/10/99, gkilbrai wrote:
>I have a VERY little greek question that is puzzling me and my greek
>professors are away doing the things of summer break <g>.
>NRSV When he entered Capernaum...
>NASB And when He had entered Capernaum...
>Is the AUTOU a g/s/m noun, or is it the adverb "that place" refering to
>(1) I understand the subject "He" is imbedded in the participle, so I
>can't understand AUTOU as a gentive noun gramatically. I only pose the
>question in case I'm missing some kind of "exception" I should know about!
>(2) EIS KAFARNAOUM looks straightforward, and and so an adverb here seems
>redundant, but it is the only way I can understand the grammar of this.
>Can someone clarify this for me? Thanks.

EISELQONTOS AUTOU is a genitive absolute construction: both the subject
(here the pronoun AUTOU) and the verb, a participle, are in the genitive
case, and the whole phrase functions like an adverbial clause explaining
the background of what is stated in the main clause. AUTOU here is nothing
more nor less than the pronoun subject of EISELQONTOS.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University
Summer: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at
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