[Fwd: Tense of TETAGMENOI in Acts 13:48]

Daniel Riaño danielrr at mad.servicom.es
Fri Jul 2 05:02:44 EDT 1999

>I would appreciate some help in understanding the use of verb tense in
>dependent clauses.  The text reads;  ...KAI EPISTEUSAN OSOI HSAN
>TETAGMENOI EIS ZWHN AIWNION.  I take the dependent clause as an
>adverbial relative clause, either of condition or possibly comparison
>(yes?).  Is the use of the periphastic pluperfect relative to the main
>verb, implying the action occurred prior to the action of the main verb,
>or is this only true with participles (non-periphrastic, that is)?  I'm
>just interested in the grammar, please.

	It is a *substantive* clause (the subject). From a syntactic point
of view some people would prefer not to call here O(/SOI a relative, as
long as a) it is the subject of his own subordinate clause, but, b) it has
no antecedent or consecuent, either implicit or explicit. (In Spanish some
call it a "relacionante", bit I don't know the English term)

Daniel Riaño Rufilanchas
Madrid, España

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