Matt 6:1 Syntax

Jonathan Ryder jpr1001 at cam.ac.uk
Tue Jan 12 09:59:58 EST 1999


A query re syntax of this verse:

PROSECETE [DE] THN DIKAIOSUNHN hUMWN MH POIEIN EMPROSQEN TWN ANQRWPWN
PROS TO QEAQHNAI AUTOIS

H D Betz in his commentary on SM (Fortress 1995) says PROSECETE takes
two objects, one direct THN DIKAIOSUNHN and one indirect MH POIEIN...
and translates vs: 'Be on guard concerning righteousness, not to act
before the people ...', insisting that usual translations, eg 'Take heed
that ye do not do your righteousness...' (RV) 'Christianize' Jewish
theology.

I assume that 'usual translations' take MH POIEIN as 'object' or
complementary infinitive to PROSECETE and THN DIKAIOSUNHN hUMWN as the
object of POIEIN

My questions are as follow:

1.    Do I assume correctly re usual translation as detailed above?
2.    Are both options syntactically possible?
3.    Is there any grammatical/syntactical/lexical reason/evidence for
preferring one or the other or is this an exegetical question?

Yours

Jonathan Ryder

Tyndale House
Cambridge
UK




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