Accusative Exercises in Vaughan - John 1:14 and James 5:10
Carl W. Conrad
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Sun Jan 10 20:52:12 EST 1999
At 3:21 PM -0500 1/10/99, AgapeLove9 at aol.com wrote:
>Here are exercises (2) and (3) of a four-part translation exercise. Are my
>accusative answers correct?
>1. Accusative of direct object
>2. Adverbial accusative
> a. measure (extent of space or time)
> b. manner
> c. reference
> d. goal, termination
>3. Double Accusative
> a. person - thing
> b. direct - predicate
> c. oath-taking
>4. Accusative absolute
I said something in my previous response about the "less than complete"
character of this listing; I wont' repeat it here.
>John 1:14 KAI hO LOGOS SARX EGENETO KAI ESKHNWSEN EN hHMIN, KAI EQEASAMEQA
>THN DOXAN AUTOU, DOXAN hWS MONOGENOUS PARA PATROS
>And the Intermediary (or, Word) became flesh and dwelt among us, and we viewed
>his glory, a glory like an only-begotten of a Father.
>THN DOXAN - acc of direct object
>DOXAN (2nd) - still acc of dir object but in a phrase in apposition to the
>James 5:10 hUPODEIGMA LABETE, ADELFOI, THS KAKOPAQEIAS KAI THS MAKROQUMIAS
>Take an example, Brothers, from the suffering and patient endurance of the
While that version certainly conveys the sense of the sentence, it doesn't
carry the grammatical structure of the Greek over into English very well; a
better version for that purpose might be: "take, brothers, as an example of
suffering and patient endurance the prophets." That is to say, those
genitives depend upon hUPODEIGMA.
>HUPODEIGMA / TOUS PROFHTAS - double accusative - person/ thing.
I'd say rather that this is an instance of 3.b. in your list above:
hUPODEIGMA and PROFHTAS are a double accusative in that the two are equated
with each other; in this instance I'd probably prefer to say that TOUS
PROFHTAS is the direct object of LABETE and that hUPODEIGMA is a predicate
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cconrad at yancey.main.nc.us
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