Hosea 6:7 and Mt 9:13; 12:7

David Haeuser haeuser at mail.cosapidata.com.pe
Sun Jan 3 19:46:19 EST 1999


Dear Denny,

What Jesus states is simply a quite literal translation of the Hebrew text
of Hosea. As far as whether a condemnation of sacrifice is intended, you
might compare with Psalm 51:16-19 (Hebrew 18-21). Mere outward performances
are not pleasing to God, but when the same action is done by a person of
contrite heart, those actions will be pleasing. It is this matter of the
state of the heart which makes the Hosea quote, which also refers to a
situation of impenitence masquerading as piety, so appropriate for Jesus to
apply to the pharisees in the two passages indicated.

David Haeuser
Lima, Peru
-----Original Message-----
From: dd-1 at juno.com <dd-1 at juno.com>
To: Biblical Greek <b-greek at franklin.oit.unc.edu>
Date: Sunday, January 03, 1999 5:46 PM
Subject: Hosea 6:7 and Mt 9:13; 12:7


>Dear Greekers,  Denny Diehl here
>
>with a question concerning Jesus' quote of Hosea 6:7
>recorded in Mt 9:13 and Mt 12:7.
>
>In Hosea 6:7 the comparison reads:
>
> "ELEOS QELW H QUSIAN"
>
>which Jesus quotes as:
>
> "ELEOS QELW KAI OU QUSIAN"
>
>1)  Does anyone know of a Septuagint text that read
>exactly as Jesus quoted?
>
>2)  What is the substantive difference in the two, if any
>at all?  I'm in discussion with a fella who suggests that
>Hosea is stating the "mercy is better than sacrifice" but
>that Jesus creatively changed it condemning sacrifice
>altogether.
>
>I'm familiar with the comparative construction found in
>Jn 6:27:
>
>   "ERGAZESQE MH THN BRWSIN THN APOLLUMENHN,
>   ALLA THN BRWSIN THN MENOUSAN EIS ZWHN AIWNION."
>
>where Jesus compares working for the food which perishes
>and that which endures to eternal life.  It is not a condemnation
>of working for perishable food, but judging greater importance.
>Can the same be said of Mt 9:13 and Mt 12:7?
>
>Another example of OUX ... ALLA is found in 1 Pet 3:3-4.
>
>Are there examples of the same type of comparison as used
>by Jesus in Mt 9:13:  "I Desire [this] not [that] " not as a
>condemnation but as preference one over the other?
>
>Thank you for your help.
>
>Denny
>
>
>
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