Luke 3:18 Syntax

Daniel Riaño danielrr at
Fri Oct 9 12:33:37 EDT 1998

G. Ross wrote:
>>     I would appreciate it if someone would be kind  enough to explain to
>>me the syntax of Luke 3:18.   POLLA MEN OUN KAI hETERA PARAKALWN
>>EUHGGELIZETO TON  LAON.   I am currently reviewing the form and use of
>>present  (continuous) participles as presented in chapter 27 of Mounce's
>>_Basics of  Biblical Greek_.  The verse given above is part of a
>>translation exercise  in the workbook that accompanies Mounce's BBG.  
>>What puzzles me is the use of the middle voice  of EUANGGELIZW.  Do POLLA
>>and hETERA function as the grammatical subjects  of EUHGGELIZETO (neuter
>>compound subject with a verb in the singular) and  consequently TON LAON
>>as the direct object of PARAKALWN?   Thank you for your help!   Gordon
>>Ross gfross at  
As I see it. *parakalw=n* is subjective predicative of the main verb
*eu)hggeli/zeto*. *Polla\ me\n ou)=n kai\ e(/tera* is a pair of coordinated
internal accusatives of *parakalw=n*. *to\n lao/n* is external direct
complement of the main verb. *eu)aggeli/zw* regularly functions in the
middle voice as transitive even in the NT (the exceptions in Act.Ap., but
it is not easy to find the meaning of the voice opposition).

Daniel Riaño Rufilanchas
c. Santa Engracia 52, 7 dcha.
28010-Madrid, España

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