Luke 3:18 Syntax
Carl W. Conrad
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Thu Oct 8 19:12:33 EDT 1998
At 3:39 PM -0500 10/8/98, G. Ross wrote:
>I would appreciate it if someone would be kind enough to explain to me the
>syntax of Luke 3:18.
>POLLA MEN OUN KAI hETERA PARAKALWN EUHGGELIZETO TON LAON.
>I am currently reviewing the form and use of present (continuous)
>participles as presented in chapter 27 of Mounce's _Basics of Biblical
>Greek_. The verse given above is part of a translation exercise in the
>workbook that accompanies Mounce's BBG.
>What puzzles me is the use of the middle voice of EUANGGELIZW. Do POLLA
>and hETERA function as the grammatical subjects of EUHGGELIZETO (neuter
>compound subject with a verb in the singular) and consequently TON LAON as
>the direct object of PARAKALWN?
Luke regularly uses the verb as EUAGGELIZOMAI--only in the middle voice.
POLLA and hETERA are best understood, I'd say, as objects of PARAKALWN (or
some might say that they are "adverbial" accusatives with PARAKALWN). They
are definitely NOT the subject of EUHGGELIZETO. Read the sentence, I'd say:
"So offering also many other exhortations, he evangelized the people."
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics/Washington University
One Brookings Drive/St. Louis, MO, USA 63130/(314) 935-4018
Home: 7222 Colgate Ave./St. Louis, MO 63130/(314) 726-5649
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cconrad at yancey.main.nc.us
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