[NAFEX] Early pear ID help?
dwoodard at becon.org
Thu Jun 24 17:38:25 EDT 2010
Donna, my understanding is that Tyson is just a few days earlier than
Fruits of Ontario for 1906/1914 comments "too near the season of
Bartlett to be profitable for market."
It describes the fruit: "size medium; form acute pyriform; color green,
turning yellow when fully ripe, russet about basin, cheek crimson, dots
brown, numerous; stem 1 1/4 inches long more or less fleshy at base;
The book describes the sizes of Anjou, Bartlett, Bosc, and Howell as
"large;" Sheldon as "above medium."
St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
Kieran and/or Donna wrote:
> Hello all.
> I have here in front of me fruit of two very early pears. One is
> definitely Early Harvest, popular with market growers in KY in the mid
> 1880's. The other I was guessing would prove to be Tyson. There is
> really not much info available on Tyson, some mentions of it surviving
> in Georgia. Last night I stumbled on some discussion in NY from the
> 1800's that said Tyson was not as early as Madeleine or Doyenne d'Ete,
> so it's not likely to be Tyson unless my specimans are a couple weeks
> from ripe yet. (Last year the samples she brought me were mush by about
> July 10th) Neither is ripe yet, seeds still white on both but the EH
> looks a bit ahead of the other. EH picked today, Mystery pears picked
> by a friend from her grandmother's tree which is 70 or more years old.
> The EH tree was a LARGE bearing tree 40 years ago.
> Observations: made 6/24/2010 Cookeville TN latitude 36 altitude 1,000 ft
> *Early Harvest:*
> Tree has gray bark, distinctive shiny leaves, prone to cupped shapes
> with almost no point. Some are fairly normal looking, but you can see
> on the photo on the Corvallis site how distinctive they are.
> Fruit is short and squatty, skin very smooth, thin and tender. Red
> colored areas also very smooth, dots barely visible if at all.
> Persistant calyx in a shallow basin. Even some old dried petals clinging
> on. Core short and quite round. Flesh smooth, entirely free of grit.
> Flavor bland, slightly pear like, with more flavor just under the
> skin. Very early, any fruit not picked by July 4th will fall as
> mush. Eaten raw, they can provide calories if you are hungry but not
> much pleasure. This variety is slow to crop, makes fairly large
> handsome pears that come in very early for market sales. They are
> entirely inoffensive, which is the nicest way to describe them. They
> compliment tarter stronger flavored fruits for baking. They are
> excellent in cobblers with gooseberries and blackberries, and would
> probably also be good with Yellow Transparent apples, rhubarb and tart
> cherries. Alas, the season for these last two does not overlap with the
> EH season. I have grafted several branches from this tree but feel no
> need to have a whole tree of it.
> *Mystery pear:*
> Prominent dots, esp on red side. Taller and much less squatty than EH,
> contracts more at base. Persistant calyx in a deep basin. Red color
> on sunny side is much more uniform than EH. Interior: the core is
> longer, flesh grainier in appearance. Flavor astringent, a little
> tartness. Skin a little gritty, tougher. I'll know more when I get to
> taste a ripe one.
> I assume it's the June Sugar pear that Lawson's Nursery has been
> selling for some 50 years. This one from CA is probably from Lawson's:
> Corvallis site:
> unfortunately they don't have any photos of Tyson.
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