[NAFEX] PROPAGATION: Taking of plant cuttings: part 3
rooting at hortus.com
Sun Mar 28 17:21:33 EST 2004
Types of Plant Cuttings Used To Propagate New Plants
Stem cuttings are out growing stems or mature sprouts or tip cuttings. Many
types of stem cuttings may be taken.
Soft wood cuttings are from the young soft tips of stems. Usually the soft
wood cuttings are taken in the Spring from fast growing tips of stock
Tip or shoot cuttings are similar to soft wood cuttings taken from
herbaceous plants such as tropical or house plants. These plants do not
usually develop woody stems.
Green wood cuttings are from the soft tip or stem after the spring growth
has slowed down. The stem is somewhat harder and woody than the soft wood
Semi-ripe cuttings are taken during the late summer after the annual growth
has slowed down. The stem is harder than soft wood or green wood cuttings.
Hard wood cuttings are from dormant fully mature stems, usually from the
current years growth.
Other types of cuttings
Scion cuttings are dormant 'ligneous' woody twigs.
Eye cuttings are pieces of foliated or defoliated stalks with one or more
Root cuttings are part of the root, usually annual. These are taken from
certain plants which have the capacity to regenerate stems from root parts.
Leaf cuttings are from parts of the leaf. New roots develop at the base or
veins of the cutting.
Graft cuttings are produced by first making a graft of a scion cutting onto
a root stock. Rooting and grafting take place at the same time. This method
is also called stenting. Some roses are propagated by this method.
Root grafting is used to multiply difficult to root plants. A shoot or scion
is grafted onto an under stem. Pieces from the under-stem produces new roots
usually when taken from one year old plants.
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