[b-hebrew] Does the Name Caleb Mean "Dog"? Not.
pporta7 at gmail.com
Tue Sep 13 01:50:34 EDT 2011
Are you sure, Jim, that Nm 13:6 writes: “Caleb the son of Jephunneh the
You're quite wrong, Jim.
It writes. "from the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh"
Be more careful, please!!
2011/9/12 <JimStinehart at aol.com>
> We have discovered a new way of analyzing certain exotic foreign names in
> the Bible. YBWS-Y/“Jebusites”, formerly thought to be inexplicable
> linguistically, turns out to be just like the princeling name Yi-id-ia in
> the Amarna
> Letters: an Akkadian name with Hurrian characteristics, where the root is
> the Hurrian spelling of an Akkadian verb, followed by one or more standard
> Hurrian suffixes. That insight may enable us to solve another longstanding
> Biblical mystery: the question of whether the name of Joshua’s trusted
> confidante, KLB/“Caleb”, is, as scholars assert, a west Semitic name that
> means “
> Dog”. Such a meaning makes no sense for an invaluable ally of Joshua.
> Moreover, should we in any event expect Caleb to have a west Semitic name?
> The Bible tells us over and over and o-v-e-r again that Caleb was a
> Kenizzite. For example, we see the phrase “Caleb the son of Jephunneh the
> Kenizzite” at Numbers 13: 6, Deuteronomy 1: 36, and Joshua 14: 6.
> Who were the Kenizzites, and how should that name, QN-Z-Y, be analyzed?
> Although many scholars properly see Kenizzites as being a Hurrian name,
> nevertheless the scholarly view of this name is extremely peculiar,
> focusing on a
> single letter, the Hebrew letter zayin/Z, and saying essentially nothing
> about any of the other three letters in this exotic name:
> “[O]f all the ethnic terms found in these early [Biblical] traditions
> Kenizzi comes closest to a Hurrian form…. With Kenizzi, Perizzi cf.
> king of Qatna during Hurrian preponderance…and Perizzi, name of a Hurrian
> envoy in an Amarna letter….” Blenkinsopp, “Gibeon and Israel” (1972), pp.
> and 113.
> W-h-y have scholars been unable to identify the linguistic root of QN-Z-Y?
> Closer examination reveals that, contra Blenkinsopp, QN-Z-Y is n-o-t
> like Peri-izzi or Aki-izzi, because piri is the Hurrian common word for
> , and ag or aki is the Hurrian common word for “to lead, guide”, whereas by
> contrast, QN is not a Hurrian common word at all. But we on the b-hebrew
> list now know how to approach this linguistic problem. “Kenizzite” should
> be expected to be an Akkadian-based name with Hurrian characteristics, just
> like “Jebusites” and Yi-id-ia.
> Remembering that Hurrian spellings of Akkadian verbs are often a bit funky,
> QN is the Hebrew rendering of the Hurrian spelling of the Akkadian verb kā
> nu. Although modern practice is, unfortunately, not to use the letter Q in
> transcribing Hurrian, in fact Hurrian has the word NQD, which may be a loan
> word from Akkadian that in Akkadian can be spelled with either a Q or a K:
> the Akkadian verb naqādu or nakādu, each of which can mean “to be anxious”
> or “to be disturbed”. Given how close the meanings are of those two
> Akkadian verbs, it appears that an Akkadian K could on occasion interchange
> and/or be pronounced Q, that is, as an emphatic K. Note also that the
> Akkadian verb kananu [meaning “to contract”, and being somewhat similar to
> Akkadian verb kānu being discussed here] could alternatively be written as
> qananu, with K interchanging with Q in Akkadian [even though those two
> do not interchange in Biblical Hebrew]. We see that kānu in Akkadian could
> be written qan in Hurrian, and transcribed using Hebrew letters as QN.
> On that analysis, QN-Z-Y means “Firm Is Blessed Teshup”, where QN/kānu is
> an Akkadian verb meaning “to be firm”, -zi is a standard Hurrian suffix
> meaning “blessed”, and -ya is another standard Hurrian suffix that is a
> theophoric which often references Teshup. Names like QN-Z-Y, starting
> interchangeably with Q or K, are commonplace at Nuzi [per the 1943
> renderings in Gelb
> and Purves, “Nuzi Personal Names”]: Qa-ni-iz-za and Ka-an-za-a-a and
> Qa-an-zu, etc. How can one look at Nuzi name Qa-ni-iz-za and not see the
> name QN-Z-Y? They’re the same name!
> The format of all these names, both at Nuzi and in the Biblical names “
> Kenizzite” and “Jebusite”, is just like Yi-id-ia in the Amarna Letters:
> Hurrian version of an Akkadian verb, plus one or more standard,
> run-of-the-mill, classic Hurrian suffixes. Same.
> Since “Caleb”/KLB is repeatedly stated in the Bible to be a Kenizzite, and
> the name QN-Z-Y/“Kenizzite” is a Hurrian name (being an Akkadian-based
> name with Hurrian characteristics, to be specific), we should then
> expect KL-B to be a Hurrian name. And it is! And it should have a grand
> meaning in Hurrian, well befitting a fine comrade of Joshua. It does!
> The root of KL-B is KL, being the Hurrian common word kel-, meaning “it
> pleases” or “it satisfies”. Many Hurrian names start with this Hurrian
> Kel-teya, Kel-te$up, Keleya and from the Amarna Letters, Keliya, with all
> four such names meaning “It Pleases Teshup” [remembering that -ya
> Teshup as a Hurrian suffix]. An alternative suffix for kel- is -b,
> alternatively spelled -p [as Teshub with a -b and Teshup with a -p are
> interchangeable in Hurrian]. This Hurrian formative has no substantive
> meaning, but
> makes a common word suitable to be a freestanding name. We see this in the
> form Kelip at the beginning of many Hurrian names: Kelip-erwi;
> Kelip-tilla; Kelip-ukur. The first such name, where erwi is one spelling
> of the Hurrian common word for “lord”, means “It Pleases the Lord”.
> The Biblical rendering KLB has no express theophoric, but the implication
> is there. Thus for a Hebrew like Joshua’s trusted assistant, the name
> Caleb” is the Hurrian name KL-B, meaning “It Pleases [Deity]”, with the
> fine implication then being in this context: “It Pleases YHWH”.
> Does the name “Caleb” really mean “Dog”? Not. Rather, the meaning of
> the name of Joshua’s fine confidante is “It Pleases YHWH”. The key is the
> Bible’s repeated insistence that KLB/“Caleb” is a QN-Z-Y/“Kenizzite”. We
> now know how to analyze Biblical names like “Kenizzite” and “Jebusite” as
> being Akkadian names with Hurrian characteristics. Think Akkadian! [With
> Hurrian characteristics.]
> These exotic foreign names in the Bible are much older and more
> historically accurate than scholars realize.
> Jim Stinehart
> Evanston, Illinois
> b-hebrew mailing list
> b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
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