Peter_R_Kirk at hotmail.com
Fri Nov 29 20:45:18 EST 2002
I don't see the problem. What is wrong with BDB's parsing of CAR as a
noun? This is well attested, BDB notes 27 occurrences as a noun plus 6
as an adjective, in 15 of which the one in distress is indicated by L-.
Also the attested perfect form of the verb CRR is not CAR but CFRAR, Hos
4:19 and Prov 30:4.
peter.r.kirk at ntlworld.com
From: S. L. [mailto:lyosovs at cityline.ru]
Sent: 29 November 2002 07:39
To: Biblical Hebrew
Subject: [b-hebrew] c.ar li
I have hard times parsing Ps 18:7 bac.c.ar li (c. = tsade). BDB 865a
has it as a noun 'straits, distress': 'in my distress'. HALAT 990b has
it as Perf. 3ms of c.rr II 'ist in Not', i.e. as an impersonal verb.
In view of Gen 32:8 wayyec.er lo 'he became distresses' and Ruth 1:13
'ki mar li mikkem' + Jer 4:18 'ki mar' 'for it is bitter' etc. I would
take bac.c.ar li for a verbal phrase 'when I was distressed', but how to
explain the gemination of tsade? GK 138i is rather reluctant to admit -
without a compulsory reason - the article as relative pronoun on
perfects, and it does not list Ps 18:7 among the examples.
The very same 'bac.c.ar li' reappears in Ps 66:14. In Pss 59: 17 and
102:3 it is written 'byom c.ar li'. To my mind (and against BDB)
here 'byom' does introduce a Perf. 'c.ar', serving as a relative
pronoun, cf. Lev 7:35; Deut 4:15; 2 Sam 22:1.
Does anybody have suggestions?
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