[permaculture] Lupines and their uses.
diebrand at yahoo.com
Wed Dec 9 05:18:49 EST 2009
in the South of Portugal, yellow lupines (with yellow flowers) are grown for N-fixing and white lupines are grown for eating. Both are sown in October or November as soon as there is enough soil humidity after the dry season. The small (black and white) seeds of the yellow lupines can be broadcast into the stubble without too much losses, even though farmers usually plough before sowing. The white lupines (with larger white seeds) need to be covered by soil or they will be eaten by worms. Both can be cut for mulching or ploughed under as green manure at flowering in May. For harvesting the seeds, you need to wait until about July. The white lupine seeds are pickled and eaten as a light snack when drinking beer. Fava beans are also grown in the same time period. Fava beens need to be sown deeper than white lupines (1 to 2 inches) or else black birds and craws will pull them from the soil when germinating.
--- On Tue, 12/8/09, Lawrence F. London, Jr. <venaurafarm at bellsouth.net> wrote:
From: Lawrence F. London, Jr. <venaurafarm at bellsouth.net>
Subject: [permaculture] Lupines and their uses.
To: "permaculture" <permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org>
Date: Tuesday, December 8, 2009, 10:56 PM
I once did a little homebrew literature search on lupines. They
appear to have special uses on a permaculture site (that is what a
_farm_ should be called), especially for nitrogen fixation and
building populations of beneficial microbes in the soil.
I would like to know more about the lupine varieties grown around the
world and how they are used and what the benefits are from cultivation
of this crop.
I noticed a picture of lovely lupine in bloom in the article on Keeping
Phosphorous On the Farm at:
On another note, after looking at the robust, beautiful, finely crafted
Permaculture Research Institute's website, http://permaculture.org.au,
I am impressed with the fact that the Australians, and New Zealanders &
Tasmanians (ex. Bill Mollison and the Soil & Health Library) are way
ahead of here on the North American continend in the arena of
development of the permaculture movement, networking within that
movement, development of information resources for the public and
possibly educational resources to include practitioner and certified
designer training. I think they are way ahead of us in the Scandinavian
countries and the UK and in much of eastern and western Europe. Of
course there is great potential for the spread of the Permaculture
movement and its methodologies in Russia as well.
I think we need to get with the program on this side of the big pond.
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