[NAFEX] RE: Antioxidants in Bilberry, related blueberries, and other dark fruits

mIEKAL aND dtv at mwt.net
Thu May 1 11:37:59 EDT 2003

will bilberry make it in zone 4?

On Thursday, May 1, 2003, at 10:38 AM, Moyer, Richard wrote:

> Del,
> Bilberry is closely related to a number of other wild 'blueberries'  
> which
> grow in N. America.  See this site for more info, note the contact of  
> Danny
> Barney.  He is trialing a number of these and can tell you what should  
> work
> at your site, plus availability.
> http://berrygrape.oregonstate.edu/fruitgrowing/berrycrops/huckleberry/ 
> huckle
> plnt.htm; extensive research links at this site.
> Be aware that most (if not all) the antioxidant chemicals in bilberry  
> are
> found in related, native blueberries/huckleberries, and that roughly
> speaking, pigment=antioxidant.  The skin is where these chemicals are
> concentrated, so if your relative wants to get the most of these
> antioxidants, go with small berries and/or larger amounts of readily
> available blueberries.
> "Wild blueberries" are available frozen year round.  See link below.
> Also price the boxed muffin/coffecake mixes at the grocery as a source  
> of
> small/very small blueberries.  Make sure you are buying real berries  
> and not
> imitations.  Some have the precooked berries in a sealed container.
> Freezing and even drying preserves these chemicals well.   
> Cooking/grinding
> releases the chemicals from the skin, and preserves the majority of the
> antioxidants.  Hence regular servings of low sugar jam/sauces a  
> pleasing
> alternative to bilberry pills.
> Remember that small berries pack up to 10X the antioxidant punch of the
> larger blueberries we commonly find in fresh pints in the store, due  
> to all
> that skin.  For antioxidants per cup, smaller is better.
> Also, blackberries, blackcurrants, cherries, grapes, most any
> red/blue/purple fruits are good sources of same or similar  
> antioxidants.  We
> had mulberry/Juneberry cobbler last night.  Eat more fruits!!  (Let's  
> not
> pit one fruit against another.)
> In summary, odds are that any wild Vaccinium (blueberries) with  
> blue/purple
> fruits growing in your/her area will deliver the antioxidants she is
> seeking.  Smaller fruit the better.
> The Japanese have been gaga over our native blueberries for their eye
> health, and we are doing the same over 'European' blueberries  
> (bilberries)
> with most if not all the same chemicals as our underused natives.  
> Guess the
> grass is always greener, and the blueberries bluer, if they are  
> foreign.
> Disclaimer:  I've oversimplified the work of folks researching
> bilberry/Vaccinium phytochemicals; my apologies!
> A few add'l links:
> http://webreprints.djreprints.com/738920785548.html  Good recent Wall  
> Street
> Journal article.
> http://www.agr.gc.ca/cb/radio/archive/feb14_e.phtml Brief report of  
> Canadian
> berry-health findings.
> http://www.wildblueberries.com/ Many health links; promotional site.
> www.blueberry.org; click on "healthy blueberries" in upper right.
> Richard Moyer
> Zone 6, Bristol, TN
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