[Market-farming] parsnip varieties

Ken Bezilla kenbez at hotmail.com
Tue Jan 10 17:34:21 EST 2012





Adding on to the parsnip notes: Pam Dawling's writing a book based on her Growing for Market articles, which I've been helping to proofread (though I'm way behind on that, sorry Pam!)  There's a nice chapter about parsnips, and it includes some good information on parsnip germination temperatures.  A very interesting bit is that in hot soils, parsnips can take a month to germinate!  Normally they're more like 2 weeks, so in hot weather weeds are likely to take over the parsnip bed before seeds can germinate.  (This seems to be what happened to our own parsnips planting last year -- our early May planting fried in the early heat wave and never emerged, ack.  This year we'll be safe and get ours planted by early April!)

Ken Bezilla
Acorn Community Farm
Mineral, VA

From: wshoemak at illinois.edu
To: aaronbrower at yahoo.com; market-farming at lists.ibiblio.org
Date: Tue, 10 Jan 2012 13:27:07 +0000
Subject: Re: [Market-farming] parsnip varieties










Robert and Aaron both give good recommendations. Another suggestion is to use raised beds. A 6" deep bed about 18" across the top with twin rows, each about 4" in from the edge will allow the roots to grow straight and fill out nicely. They'll also be easier
 to harvest. I like to raise carrots this way as well. If you use drip irrigation, lay a drip-tape down between the two rows, and as Robert suggested, irrigate frequently to optimize moisture availability. You may need to use sprinklers during stand establishment
 to keep the seeds and small seedlings well watered.


 

Bill


William H. Shoemaker

University of Illinois, Crop Sciences

St Charles Horticulture Research Center

535 Randall Road, St Charles, IL  60174

630-584-7254, wshoemak at illinois.edu





From: market-farming-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org [market-farming-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] on behalf of Aaron Brower [aaronbrower at yahoo.com]

Sent: Monday, January 09, 2012 6:50 PM

To: Market Farming

Subject: Re: [Market-farming] parsnip varieties










In addition to what Robert said, always use new seed. Old parsnip seed has poor germination.
 It takes up to 3 weeks so don't get too worried if you don't see germination right away. To be safe, sew them thicker than you may want and expect to thin but don't give them too much space. I would recommend keeping them closer than the seed companies tell
 you. We thin them at about 1 to 1.5 inches. If you give them much more you get gigantic parsnips. You may get a better yield with the larger ones but most people dont want their parsnips to be half pounders.
Also be sure to leave them in the ground til they get several good frosts on them. It sweetens them up.





For your trouble they should fetch a premium in the winter and the spring.

Aaron 




From: Robert G. Hadad <rgh26 at cornell.edu>

To: "market-farming at lists.ibiblio.org" <market-farming at lists.ibiblio.org>


Sent: Monday, January 9, 2012 7:06 PM

Subject: [Market-farming] parsnip varieties



Hi,

  The key with parsnips is keeping the soil moist. Start with a moist soil when seeding. Water deep before seeding if need by. Keep irrigation on them for several weeks at planting time. Turga, Javelin, Andover, and Harris can all produce a great crop if they
 have friable soil to stretch that first tap root out into and again, enough water.




Robert





Robert Hadad

Cornell Vegetable Program

Fresh Market Specialist

4487 Lake Ave.

Lockport, NY 14094

rgh26 at cornell.edu

585-739-4065

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