[b-hebrew] Daniel 12:13

Jerry Shepherd jshepherd53 at gmail.com
Fri Jul 5 16:49:58 EDT 2013


Hi Ken,

Thanks for providing these for Karl.  I was away for a few days and
couldn't respond immediately.

Blessings,

Jerry

Jerry Shepherd
Taylor Seminary
Edmonton, Alberta
jshepherd53 at gmail.com



On Mon, Jul 1, 2013 at 12:25 PM, Ken Penner <kpenner at stfx.ca> wrote:

> “The Hebrew plural ending -*îm* (also found in Phoenician) is rarely
> replaced by -*în* (standard in Aramaic and Moabite). This occurs in
> several poetic passages as well as in later books, for example, אֲחֵרִין‘other’ (Job 31:10),
> אִיִּן ‘islands’ (Ezek 26:18), חִטִּין ‘wheat’ (Ezek 4:9), חַיִּין ‘life’
> (Job 24:22), יָמִין ‘days’ (Dan 12:13), מִדִּין ‘garments’ (Judg 5:10),
> מִלִּין ‘words’ (Job 4:2), מְלָכִין ‘kings’ (Prov 31:3), עִיִּין ‘rubble’
> (Mic 3:12), צִדֹנִין ‘Sidonians’ (1 Kgs 11:33), רָצִין ‘runners’ (2 Kgs
> 11:13), שׁוֹמֵמִין ‘desolate’ (Lam 1:4).”****
>
> (IBHS 7.4.b)****
>
> ** **
>
> Occasionally we have the Aramaic ending  ִין (very frequent in MH, and
> the rule in Moabite, though spelled defectively): מְלָכִין *kings* (or *
> counsellors* as in Aramaic; cf. Dn 4.24) Pr 31.3; צִדֹנִין *Sidonians*1Kg 11.33;
> רָצִין *runners* 2Kg 11.13; חִטִּין *wheat* Ez 4.9; אִיִּן *islands* Ez
> 26.18; יָמִין *days* Dn 12.13; מִדִּין *carpet*(?) Jdg 5.10 (poet.);
> עִיִּין *hills of ruins* Mi 3.12; in Job, מִלִּין *words* (Aramaic word)
> is found 13 times besides מִלִּים (10 x).****
>
> (Joüon §90c)****
>
> ** **
>
> Less frequent, or only apparent terminations of the plur. masc. are—****
>
> (*a*) ־ ִין, as in Aramaic, found almost exclusively in the later books
> of the O. T. (apart from the poetical use in some of the older and even the
> oldest portions), viz. מְלָכִין *kings*, Pr 31:3, צִֽדֹנִין 1 K 11:33,
> רָצִין *the guard*, 2 K 11:13, חִטִּין *wheat*, Ez 4:9; defectively אִיִּן
> *islands*, Ez 26:18; יָמִין *days*, Dn 12:13. Cf. also מִדִּין *carpets*,
> Ju 5:10, in the North-Palestinian song of Deborah, which also has other
> linguistic peculiarities; עִיִּין *heaps*, Mi 3:12 (before ת; cf. § 44
> k); מִלִּין *words* (from the really Aram. מִלָּה), Jb 4:2, and twelve
> other places in Job (beside מִלִּים, ten times in Job); further, חַיִּיןJb 24:22,
> אֲחֵרִין 31:10, and שׁוֹמֵמִין La 1:4, תַּנִּין 4:3.****
>
> (Gesenius Grammar §87.e)****
>
> ** **
>
> ** **
>
> *From:* b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org [mailto:
> b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] *On Behalf Of *K Randolph
> *Sent:* Saturday, June 29, 2013 11:47 AM
> *To:* Jerry Shepherd
> *Cc:* b-hebrew
> *Subject:* Re: [b-hebrew] Daniel 12:13****
>
> ** **
>
> Thanks, Jerry:****
>
> ** **
>
> On Fri, Jun 28, 2013 at 8:50 PM, Jerry Shepherd <jshepherd53 at gmail.com>
> wrote:****
>
> Gary and others,****
>
>  ****
>
> I believe that Martin has the correct assessment here, except that, rather
> than this being a confusion, it is probably simply an option open to the
> writer.  Waltke-O'Connor give a number of examples in *IBHS* 7.4b; and
> Joüon-Muraoka discuss the phenomenon in 90.3.  It is also discussed in *
> GKC* 87e.  Most of these are poetic and later texts.****
>
> ** **
>
> These references mean nothing if they are not on line and available to
> all. If possible, could you at least give a synopsis of what these people
> claimed?****
>
> ** **
>
> Other places where this occurs are Judg 5:10; 1 Kgs 11:33; 2 Kgs 11:13;
> Ezek 4:9; 26:18; Micah 3:12; Job 4:2; 24:22; 31:10; Prov 31:3; Lam 1:4; 4:3.
> ****
>
> ** **
>
> All of these are pre-Babylonian exile to during the same, before the
> Aramaic square characters were adopted.****
>
> ** **
>
> Thanks for the references. I remembered that I had noticed this pattern
> before, but didn’t remember which verses where they were found and wasn’t
> sure how to find them. ****
>
>  ****
>
> Blessings,****
>
>  ****
>
> Jerry****
>
>
> ****
>
> Jerry Shepherd****
>
> Taylor Seminary****
>
> Edmonton, Alberta****
>
> jshepherd53 at gmail.com****
>
>  ****
>
> ** **
>
>  ****
>
> Karl W. Randolph.****
>
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