[b-hebrew] Daniel 9: 24 and following with Rashi

Shoshanna Walker rosewalk at concentric.net
Tue Sep 5 19:50:54 EDT 2006


See Rashi's explanation of  "the emergence of the word to restore and 
to rebuild Jerusalem"



http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=16492&showrashi=true

 
Judaica Press Complete Tanach

Daniel - Chapter 9


24. Seventy weeks [of years] have been decreed upon your people and 
upon the city of your Sanctuary to terminate the transgression and to 
end sin, and to expiate iniquity, and to bring eternal righteousness, 
and to seal up vision and prophet, and to anoint the Holy of Holies.

Seventy weeks [of years] have been decreed on Jerusalem from the day 
of the first destruction in the days of Zedekiah until it will be 
[destroyed] the second time.

to terminate the transgression and to end sin so that Israel should 
receive their complete retribution in the exile of Titus and his 
subjugation, in order that their transgressions should terminate, 
their sins should end, and their iniquities should be expiated, in 
order to bring upon them eternal righteousness and to anoint upon 
them (sic) the Holy of Holies: the Ark, the altars, and the holy 
vessels, which they will bring to them through the king Messiah. The 
number of seven weeks is four hundred and ninety years. The 
Babylonian exile was seventy [years] and the Second Temple stood four 
hundred and twenty [years].

25. And you shall know and understand that from the emergence of the 
word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem until the anointed king 
[shall be] seven weeks, and [in] sixty-two weeks it will return and 
be built street and moat, but in troubled times.

And you shall know and understand from the emergence of the word From 
the emergence of this word, which emerged at the beginning of your 
supplications to tell you, you shall know to understand [how] to 
restore and build Jerusalem.

until the anointed king Time will be given from the day of the 
destruction until the coming of Cyrus, king of Persia, about whom the 
Holy One, blessed be He, said that he would return and build His 
city, and He called him His anointed and His king, as it says (Isa. 
45:1): "So said the Lord to His anointed one, to Cyrus etc." (verse 
13): "He shall build My city and free My exiles, etc."

seven weeks Seven complete shemittah cycles they will be in exile 
before Cyrus comes, and there were yet three more years, but since 
they did not constitute a complete shemittah cycle, they were not 
counted. In the one year of Darius, in which Daniel was standing when 
this vision was said to him, seventy years from the conquest of 
Jehoiakim terminated. Deduct eighteen years from them, in which the 
conquest of Jehoiakim preceded the destruction of Jerusalem, leaving 
fifty-two years. This is what our Rabbis learned (Yoma 54a): "For 
fifty-two years no one passed through Judea." They are the fifty-two 
years from the day of the destruction until they returned in the days 
of Cyrus. Hence, we have seven shemittah cycles and three years.

and in sixty-two weeks it will return and be built i.e., the city 
with its streets.

and moat Heb. ????????. They are the moats that they make around the 
wall to strengthen the city, which are called fosse in French, ditch 
or moat.

but in troubled times But in those times they will be troubled and 
distressed, for in the subjugation of the kings of Persia and the 
heathens, they will burden them with harsh bondage. Now although 
there are sixty-two weeks and four years more that remain from the 
eighth week, whose beginning, viz. the three years, was included in 
the fifty-two years of the duration of the exile, those four years 
were not counted here because here he counted only weeks, and you 
find that from the beginning he started to count seventy weeks, and 
at the end, when he delineated their times and their judgments, he 
counted only sixty-nine, proving that one week was divided, part of 
it here and part of it there; and he mentioned only whole weeks.

but in troubled times They will be troubled in those times.

26. And after the sixty-two weeks, the anointed one will be cut off, 
and he will be no more, and the people of the coming monarch will 
destroy the city and the Sanctuary, and his end will come about by 
inundation, and until the end of the war, it will be cut off into 
desolation.

And after those weeks.

the anointed one will be cut off Agrippa, the king of Judea, who was 
ruling at the time of the destruction, will be slain.

and he will be no more Heb. ?????? ???, and he will not have. The 
meaning is that he will not be.

the anointed one Heb. ????????. This is purely an expression of a 
prince and a dignitary.

and the city and the Sanctuary lit. and the city and the Holy.

and the people of the coming monarch will destroy [The monarch who 
will come] upon them. That is Titus and his armies.

and his end will come about by inundation And his end will be 
damnation and destruction, for He will inundate the power of his 
kingdom through the Messiah, and until the end of the wars of Gog the 
city will exist.

cut off into desolation a destruction of desolation.

27. And he will strengthen a covenant for the princes for one week, 
and half the week he will abolish sacrifice and meal- offering, and 
on high, among abominations, will be the dumb one, and until 
destruction and extermination befall the dumb one.

And he will strengthen a covenant for the princes for one week 
?????????, for the princes, like "and all the officers of (??????) 
the king," in the Book of Jeremiah (39:13).

will strengthen Titus [will strengthen] a covenant with the princes of Israel.

for one week He will promise them the strengthening of a covenant and 
peace for seven years, but within the seven years, he will abrogate 
his covenant.

he will abolish sacrifice and meal-offering This is what he says in 
the first vision (8:26): "and in tranquility he will destroy many." 
Through a covenant of tranquility, he will destroy them.

and on high, among abominations will be the dumb one This is a 
pejorative for pagan deities. i.e., on a high place, among 
abominations and disgusting things, he will place the dumb one, the 
pagan deity, which is dumb like a silent stone.

high Heb. ??????, lit. wing, an expression of height, like the wing 
of a flying bird.

and until destruction and extermination befall the dumb one and the 
ruling of the abomination will endure until the day that the 
destruction and extermination decreed upon it [will] befall it, in 
the days of the king Messiah.

befall the dumb one Heb. ???????, reach; and total destruction will 
descend upon the image of the pagan deity and upon its worshippers.




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