[b-hebrew] Hebrew "If-and" construction and the Book of Mormon
kevlds at hotmail.com
Wed Aug 16 22:14:08 EDT 2006
== I think the meaning of "if ... and" in Hebrew is most literally
as "if <you do xxxx> *also* <we will do yyy>". It is tit-for-tat, not as
strong a cause-effect relationship as if-then.
Now that IS interesting. Can anyone else corroborate this hypothesis? Royal
Skousen has been arguing that in Hebrew the same exists in a cause-effect
relationship. It would prove detrimental to his argument if this is not the
case, and the if-and phenomena were all "tit for tats" as Steve suggests it
>From: "Steve Miller" <smille10 at sbcglobal.net>
>To: "'Kevin Graham'" <kevlds at hotmail.com>,<b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org>
>Subject: RE: [b-hebrew] Hebrew "If-and" construction and the Book of Mormon
>Date: Wed, 16 Aug 2006 21:09:23 -0400
> > == It might also be worth researching whether there were any highly
> > literal
> > translations of the Old Testament in circulation which used this
> > construction, which Joseph Smith might have known and copied.
> > I had been thinking the same thing. I looked up several translations
> > available to Smith like Wycliffe, Geneva, et cetera, but so far no
> > examples
> > of the if-and clausal.
>[Steve Miller]The LXX is the most literal translator of the vav as "and".
>In Gen 34:15-17, previously ref'd, LXX translates the vav at the beginning
>of v16 as "and", but as nothing in the middle of v17.
>Gen 31:15 Only on these terms will we conform to you, and dwell among you,
>if ye also will be as we are, in that every male of you be circumcised.
>16 And we will give our daughters to you, and we will take of your
>daughters for wives to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will be as
>17 But if ye will not hearken to us to be circumcised, we will take our
>daughter and depart.
>What other examples are there of "if ... and" in the Hebrew Bible?
>I think the meaning of "if ... and" in Hebrew is most literally translated
>as "if <you do xxxx> *also* <we will do yyy>". It is tit-for-tat, not as
>strong a cause-effect relationship as if-then.
>I would translate Gen 34:17 as:
>And if you will not hearken to us to be circumcised, also we will take our
>daughter and depart.
>English "and" simply won't work here in the middle of verse 17, because
>"and" would make the 2nd phrase, "we will take our daughter...", part of
>conditional, which is not the case with the Hebrew vav.
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