[b-hebrew] 'Prophesying' 1 Samuel 18:10
Harold R. Holmyard III
hholmyard at ont.com
Tue Jul 6 12:17:54 EDT 2004
>>HH: This is the verb NB) in the Hithpael. Here below are the places
>>where it occurs. You can look at them yourself. The Dictionary of
>>Classical Hebrew gives "rave" as the meaning for the verb at 1 Sam
>>18:10. Note the possible association of the verb with madness:
>>Jer. 29:26 'The LORD has appointed you priest in place of Jehoiada
>>to be in charge of the house of the LORD; you should put any madman
>>who acts like a prophet into the stocks and neck-irons.
>>HH: The Hebrew in Jer 29:26 for "madman who acts like a prophet" is
>>two participles linked by the waw conjunction. There is some
>>legitimate prophecy in the list below, but there is also a good
>>deal of false prophecy, which sometimes involves raving type
>>1Kings 18:29 Midday passed, and they continued their frantic
>>prophesying until the time for the evening sacrifice. But there was
>>no response, no one answered, no one paid attention.
>>HH: There are also a considerable number of one-time prophetic
>>activities that resemble being possessed more than normal prophecy.
>>Since NB) in the Qal is the normal word for prophesy, the Hithpael
>>may carry some special flavor to it. "The Hithpael may denote
>>esteeming or presenting oneself in a state, sometimes without
>>regard to the question of truthfulness" (Waltke and O'Connor,
>>_Biblical Hebrew Syntax_, 26.2f). So somebody may pretend to be
>>something. He may present himself as something either truthfully or
>Harold, I have reviewed your list of references and I am left far
>from convinced that there is anything inherently wrong in this kind
HH: I agree with you. I never said there was something inherently
wrong implied by the Hithpael use of NB). Remember, I said: "There is
some legitimate prophecy in the list below, but there is also a good
deal of false prophecy, which sometimes involves raving type
HH: All that you wrote seems good to me. Yet if one is possessed by
an evil spirit, he is not prophesying in the normal sense. So "rave"
or "act like a prophet" might be the way to translate. I said that
the Hithpael can suggest: "He may present himself as something either
truthfully or not truthfully." Specifically Waltke and O'Connor said
that one esteems or presents "oneself in a state, sometimes without
regard to the question of truthfulness."
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