[b-hebrew] Timing of Thera volcano

Kevin W. Woodruff cierpke at prodigy.net
Tue Aug 24 14:16:12 EDT 2004


Stephen:

Another fairly comprehensive bibliography on the Thera
Event can be found at:

http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/fine_arts/chloris/thera_0.html

The consensus seems to be ca. 1628 BCE

Kevin


--- "Kevin W. Woodruff" <cierpke at prodigy.net> wrote:

> Stephen:
> 
> Some sources for you to check:
> 
> "Overview and Assessment of the Evidence for the
> Date
> of the Eruption of Thera" in D. A. Hardy and A. C.
> Renfrew, eds., Thera and the Aegean World III:
> Proceedings of the Third International Congress,
> Santorini, Greece, 3-9 September 1989. Vol. III
> "Chronology" (London: The Thera Foundation 1990)
> 13-18.
> 
> V.C. LaMarche, Jr. and K.K. Hirschboeck, 1984.
> "Frost
> rings in trees as records of major volcanic
> eruptions", Nature, v. 307, 121-126. 
> 
> M. J. Aitken, H. N. Michael, P. P. Betancourt, and
> P.
> M. Warren, "The Thera Eruption: Continued Discussion
> of the Dating," Archaeometry 30(1988) 164-182.
> 
> K. P. Foster and R. K. Ritner, "Texts, Storms, and
> the
> Thera Eruption," JNES 55(1996) 1-14.
> C. F. Macdonald, “Chronologies of the Thera
> Eruption,”
> AJA 105(2001) 527-532.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "The Bronze Age Eruption of Thera:
> Absolute Dating, Aegean 
> 
> Chronology and Mediterranean Cultural
> Interrelations,"
> JMA 1(1988) 17-82.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "The Eruption of Thera: Date and
> Implications," TAW III.1(1990) 29-40.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "The Thera Eruption: the Third
> Congress
> and the Problem of the Date," Archaeometry 32(1990)
> 91-100.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "Thera, Sulphur, and Climatic
> Anomalies," OJA 11(1992) 245-253.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "Santorini, Ice-cores and Tree-rings:
> Resolution of the 1645 or 1628 B.C. Debate?," Nestor
> 19(1992) 2511-2512.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "Dating the Aegean Bronze Age:
> Without,
> With, and Beyond, Radiocarbon," in K. Randsborg
> (ed.),
> Absolute Chronology: Archaeological Europe [Acta
> Archaeologica 67 Suppl. 1] (Copenhagen 1996) 15-37.
> 
> S. W. Manning, "Aegean and Sardinian Chronology:
> Radiocarbon, Calibration, and Thera," in M. S.
> Balmuth
> and R. H. Tykot (eds.), Sardinian and Aegean
> Chronology: Towards the Resolution of Relative and
> Absolute Dating in the Mediterranean (Oxford 1998)
> 297-307.
> 
> S. W. Manning, A Test of Time: The Volcano of Thera
> and the Chronology and History of the Aegean and
> East
> Mediterranean in the mid-Second Millennium B.C.
> [Oxford 1999].
> 
> S. W. Manning, B. Kromer, P. I. Kuniholm, and M. W.
> Newton, “Anatolian Tree-rings and a New Chronology
> for
> the East Mediterranean Bronze – Iron Ages,” Science
> 294(2001) 2532-2535.
> 
> S. W. Manning, C. B. Ramsey, C. Doumas, T. Marketou,
> G. Cadogan, and C. L. Pearson, “New Evidence for an
> Early Date for the Aegean Late Bronze Age and Thera
> Eruption,” Antiquity 76(2002) 733-744.
> 
> P. Warren, "Absolute Dating of the Bronze Age
> Eruption
> of Thera (Santorini)," Nature 308:5959(1984) 492-493
> 
> P. M. Warren, "The Minoan Civilisation of Crete and
> the Volcano of Thera," Journal of the Ancient
> Chronology Forum 4(1990-91) 29-39.
> 
> P. M. Warren, "LM IA: Knossos, Thera, Gournia," in
> P.
> P. Betancourt, V. Karageorghis, R. Laffineur, and
> W.-D. Niemeier (eds.), MELETEMATA: Studies in Aegean
> Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as He
> Enters His 65th Year [Aegaeum 20] (Liège/Austin
> 1999)
> 893-903.
> 
> M. H. Wiener, "The White Slip I of Tell el-Dab'a and
> Thera: Critical Challenge for the Aegean Long
> Chronology," in V. Karageorghis (ed.), White Slip
> Ware
> (Nicosia 2000) 195-202.
> 
>
http://projectsx.dartmouth.edu/classics/history/bronze_age/chronobib.html
> 
> http://www.arts.cornell.edu/dendro/thera.html
>
http://www.mystae.com/restricted/streams/thera/dating.html
> 
> 
> Kevin
> 
> 
> 
> --- Stephen Segall <segall at umich.edu> wrote:
> 
> > All of the archeological evidence about the date
> of
> > this volcano is
> > suspect. A conclusive way to date the Thera
> volcano
> > may be through study
> > of ice cores from Greenland, Antarctica or other
> > places that can date
> > volcanic events by comparison with more recent and
> > more precisely known
> > events that are recorded in the ice cores. Does
> > anyone know of such
> > studies and do you have references to them?
> > 
> > On Mon, 23 Aug 2004, Karl Randolph wrote:
> > 
> > > Marianne:
> > >
> > > If as you claim below, Exodus mentions phenomena
> > consistant with the Theran eruption, and those
> > phenomena were also connected timewise with
> Ahmoses'
> > attack on the Hyksos' strongholds, you have just
> > made my point that the Exodus under Moses occured
> > under the last or next to last Hyksos pharaoh
> (next
> > to last, if the pharaoh of the Exodus was killed
> as
> > mentioned in Exodus, and his successor ruled for
> > only a short period before being expelled).
> > >
> > > Karl W. Randolph.
> > >
> > > ----- Original Message -----
> > > From: MarianneLuban at aol.com
> > >
> > > > In a message dated 8/21/2004 10:02:57 AM
> Pacific
> > Daylight Time,
> > > > Banyai at t-online.de writes:
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > > I suppose you miss the point Marianne. You
> use
> > the stratum where the Theran
> > > > > pumice was found as a marker for the date as
> > the eruption took place
> > > >
> > > > No.  I am no vulcanologist.  I do not place
> the
> > eruption of Thera at all.
> > > > Don't confuse me with Manfred Bietak.  I have
> > used the eruption as a "marker"
> > > > for nothing.  The only thing I did in my book
> > was discuss the theories of others
> > > > as to whether this "tempest" described at
> Karnak
> > by Ahmose (and also hinted
> > > > at by the pRhind when the onslaught of the
> > Hyksos strongholds took place) can
> > > > have had anything to do with the final
> eruption
> > of Thera in antiquity--and the
> > > > phenomena described in the BOE.  Some say
> > "yes"--others "no".  It has become
> > > > an ongoing debate in the journals.  I tend to
> > side with the "yes"
> > > > contingent--because I have faith that the
> Torah
> > would not describe things that seem so
> > > > connected with a natural disaster for no
> reason
> > at all.  Hail, raining soot and
> > > > darkness for three days don't happen every day
> > in Egypt.
> > > --
> > >
> >
>
___________________________________________________________
> > > Sign-up for Ads Free at Mail.com
> > > http://promo.mail.com/adsfreejump.htm
> > >
> 
=== message truncated ===


=====
Prof. Kevin W. Woodruff, M. Div., M. S. I. S.
Library Director/Reference Librarian, Professor of Bible and Greek
Tennessee Temple University/Temple Baptist Seminary, 1815 Union Ave. 
Chattanooga, Tennessee 37404, United States of America
423/493-4252 (office) 423/493-4423 (home) 423/493-4497 (FAX)
Cierpke at prodigy.net  http://pages.prodigy.net/cierpke/woodruff.htm



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