[b-hebrew] Yom Kippur
Harold R. Holmyard III
hholmyard at ont.com
Sun Aug 22 15:43:40 EDT 2004
>While I might have stated some of it differently, the above is certainly a
>faithful, if simplified, representation of Jewish tradition. As far as your
>second question below, my understanding is that Christianity sees itself as
>"supplanting" Israel's special covenant relationship with God and Christ's
>crucifixion as replacing the sacrificial cult, including that of Yom
>Kippur - as well as most other commandments of the Torah (post-Temple
>rabbinic Judaism sees personal prayer and repentance as replacing the
>sacrifices). But I'm sure that others will have a different view on this.
HH: Christianity does see Christ's death as
supplanting the sacrificial system, but in the
sense that Christ is the reality of which the
sacrificial system was the type. He inaugurated
the new covenant that Jeremiah promised:
Jer. 31:31 "The time is coming," declares the
LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the
house of Israel and with the house of Judah.
Jer. 31:32 It will not be like the covenant I
made with their forefathers when I took them by
the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they
broke my covenant, though I was a husband to
them," declares the LORD.
Jer. 31:33 "This is the covenant I will make
with the house of Israel after that time,"
declares the LORD. "I will put my law in their
minds and write it on their hearts. I will be
their God, and they will be my people.
Jer. 31:34 No longer will a man teach his
neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know
the LORD,' because they will all know me, from
the least of them to the greatest," declares the
LORD. "For I will forgive their wickedness and
will remember their sins no more."
Christianity teaches that the blood of goats and
bulls could never take away sin:
Heb. 10:1 ¶ The law is only a shadow of the good
things that are coming - not the realities
themselves. For this reason it can never, by the
same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after
year, make perfect those who draw near to worship.
Heb. 10:2 If it could, would they not have
stopped being offered? For the worshipers would
have been cleansed once for all, and would no
longer have felt guilty for their sins.
Heb. 10:3 But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins,
Heb. 10:4 because it is impossible for the blood
of bulls and goats to take away sins.
HH: But when Christ came, he offered the
sacrifice towards which the animal sacrifices
could only point. As for the sins forgiven in the
OT through the sacrificial system, Paul said:
Rom. 3:25 God presented him as a sacrifice of
atonement, through faith in his blood. He did
this to demonstrate his justice, because in his
forbearance he had left the sins committed
beforehand unpunished -
HH: One problem that arises with prayer and
repentance replacing the sacrifices is that
prayer and repentance already existed when there
were sacrifices, and God still considered the
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