Heavenly Jerusalem?

Bill Ross BillRoss at norisksoftware.com
Tue Dec 31 14:54:26 EST 2002

*Exactly* what I needed. Thanks!

In light of this, in your view, would Zech 14 or Isaiah 2 be a reference
to this? Or would this be much later?

Bill Ross
No Risk Software Inc
BillRoss at norisksoftware.com

-----Original Message-----
From: Shai Heijmans [mailto:shaih at post.tau.ac.il] 
Sent: Tuesday, December 31, 2002 1:43 PM
To: Biblical Hebrew
Subject: [b-hebrew] Re: Heavenly Jerusalem?

Dear Bill,

you wrote:

> Is there any reference to such a "heavenly Jerusalem" in rabbinic or
early literature?

As far as I know, the origin of "heavenly Jeruslem" is a midrashic
commentary woven into Targum Jonatan on Is. 6:1-6: the words "al kise
ve-nisa" are translated as "on a high and exaulted chair IN THE SKY"
("bishmey meroma").

Later it is explained, that God has not only a chair, but a whole
and later a whole city-of-Jerusalem, in the sky. And this heavenly
is situated exactly above the earthly Jerusalem. See for example Bavli
Taanit 5b, "amar lo rab Nahman" etc. There are hundreds of citations
that in the rabbinic literature.

A thorough analysis of the gradual development "heavenly chair >
temple > heavenly city" according to rabbinical sources can be found in
Aptowitzer's artice in Tarbiz 5 (1930/1), pp. 137-153, 257-287.


Shai Heijmans

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