Greek vs. Hebrew
Lisbeth S. Fried
lizfried at umich.edu
Sun Dec 30 10:57:24 EST 2001
I agree with everything you write here,
but you give the impression that there were no
Greek texts at Qumran. The LXX was there as well,
as was the Samaritan version. All text types were
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Peter Kirk [mailto:Peter_Kirk at sil.org]
> Sent: Sun, December 30, 2001 8:01 AM
> To: Biblical Hebrew
> Subject: RE: Greek vs. Hebrew
> My answer to this would depend on what you mean by the MT. If you mean the
> fully pointed Masoretic text, then, yes, the earliest MSS are
> later than the
> oldest Greek MSS. But that is comparing apples and oranges; a better
> comparison would be to say that the fully pointed Masoretic text
> is earlier
> than Rahlfs' critical edition of LXX, complete with capital letters,
> punctuation, accents etc. On the other hand, the earliest MSS of
> the Hebrew
> text (at least large parts of it) used by the Masoretes (with only slight
> differences) are older than the Greek MSS; they were found at Qumran. The
> text of the great Isaiah scroll is very similar to the unpointed Masoretic
> text. The DSS also show us that both the Greek and the Hebrew texts had a
> complicated history even before the Christian era. I conclude
> from that that
> there is no evidence for the argument that the LXX is "more authoritative"
> because somehow closer to the original.
> You seem to imply that "the Greek OT [is] generally considered more
> authoritative". That is a minority opinion among scholars,
> surely, although
> a faith position of Orthodox Christians.
> Peter Kirk
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Theodore H. Mann [mailto:theomann at earthlink.net]
> > Sent: 30 December 2001 05:04
> > To: Biblical Hebrew
> > Subject: Greek vs. Hebrew
> > Greetings Friends:
> > From earlier posts I have learned that the Greek OT predates
> the earliest
> > copy of the MT by a number of centuries. I'm interested to know how OT
> > textual critics weigh these two sources. That is, for example, is the
> > Greek OT generally considered more authoritative because it is closer in
> > time to the autographs than the later MT?
> > Many thanks from a novice (obviously).
> > Ted Mann
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