George Athas gathas at
Tue Aug 21 08:55:53 EDT 2001

Greek uses cases endings whereas Hebrew does not. All names in Greek must have a case
ending. In the case of Shelomoh, the case ending given accords with the Greek third
declension nominative case ending: -n. Hence, Shelomoh came to be Salomon or Solomon.

It's a common phenomenon. It's just that most of the time, the case endings end with a
Greek sigma: -s. When a personal name ended in a consonant, a case ending was usually not
appended. However, most of the time when the name ended with a vowel sound, a case ending
was appended.

Some other examples:

Hebrew                Greek
Mosheh      =>    Moeses
Yehoshua   =>    Iesous
Yesha`yah  =>     Esaias
Ezra            =>    Ezras / Esdras
Nehemyah  =>   Neemias

More information about the b-hebrew mailing list