Samaritan Pentateuch

Dave Washburn dwashbur at nyx.net
Thu Sep 21 15:19:45 EDT 2000


While we're on the subject, does anybody know of an English 
translation of the Sam Pent?

> I don't recall some of the exact dates (some are also debated), but the c.
> 300 BC date you mention is not the date of the oldest extant SP mss., but
> rather the presumed time of origination for a distinct text tradition among
> the Samaritans. The oldest SP text is c. 1000, but scholarship does not have
> access to this text (if my memory serves correctly). We do have access to
> European polyglots containing it (c. 1500's). So DSS mss definitely have a
> *much* earlier date, some perhaps to 3rd cent. BC through 1st cent. AD. Same
> for LXX, translated 250-150 BC, and w/ a few ms. fragments going back to the
> BC period w/ full texts in 4th-5th cent. AD mss. 
> 
> The SP's value is in the fact that it did exist as a solely distinct textual
> tradition from a very early stage. However, this is somewhat weakened in
> some passages because of universally acknowledged theological bias reflected
> in the SP.
> 
> But from the standpoint of age of mss. alone, it is about the same as the MT
> tradition (although less well preserved, i think most agree).
> 
> Waltke did his dissertation on the topic, so ref. his writings especially.
> There is an excellent article by him on it in NIDOTTE, i think.
> 
> Dan Wagner
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Tony Costa [mailto:tmcos at hotmail.com]
> Sent: Thursday, September 21, 2000 13:13
> To: Biblical Hebrew
> Subject: Samaritan Pentateuch
> 
> 
> Dear Friends,
> 
>   I would be interested in hearing your thoughts on the textual criticism of
> 
> the Samaritan Pentateuch. I understand that this text is older than the 
> Masoretic Text as well as the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran which scholars 
> place between 100 BCE to 100 CE. My understanding of the Samaritan 
> Pentateuch is that it was composed sometime in 300 BCE ot thereafter. 
> Nevertheless, it is assumed that changes have been evident in this text to 
> suit Samaritan theological convictions over Jewish ones. Given the fact that
> 
> the Samaritan Pentateuch is older than the MT and presumably the LXX , would
> 
> it be true to say that it contributes highly to the textual criticism of the
> 
> Hebrew Bible (MT)? Any insights? Many thanks in advance.
> 
>                                                Tony Costa
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Dave Washburn
http://www.nyx.net/~dwashbur
"Éist le glór Dé."



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