[B-Greek] 2 Cor 1:24 ALLA SUNERGOI ESMEN THS CARAS hUMWN

Elizabeth Kline kline_dekooning at earthlink.net
Tue Jun 23 17:18:20 EDT 2009


2Cor. 1:24 οὐχ ὅτι κυριεύομεν ὑμῶν τῆς  
πίστεως ἀλλὰ συνεργοί ἐσμεν τῆς  
χαρᾶς ὑμῶν· τῇ γὰρ πίστει ἑστήκατε.

2COR. 1:24 OUC hOTI KURIEUOMEN hUMWN THS PISTEWS ALLA SUNERGOI ESMEN  
THS CARAS hUMWN· THi GAR PISTEI hESTHKATE.

Sophocles Trag., Oedipus tyrannus
Line 1200

ὅστις καθ' ὑπερβολὰν
τοξεύσας ἐκράτησε τοῦ
πάντ' εὐδαίμονος ὄλβου,
ὦ Ζεῦ, κατὰ μὲν φθίσας
τὰν γαμψώνυχα παρθένον
χρησμῳδόν, θανάτων δ' ἐμᾷ
χώρᾳ πύργος ἀνέστα·
ἐξ οὗ καὶ βασιλεὺς καλῇ
ἐμὸς καὶ τὰ μέγιστ' ἐτι-
μάθης ταῖς μεγάλαισιν ἐν
Θήβαις<ιν> ἀνάσσων.

SOPHOCLES TRAG., OEDIPUS TYRANNUS
LINE 1200

hOSTIS KAQ' hUPERBOLAN {ANT. 1.}
TOXEUSAS EKRATHSE TOU
PANT' EUDAIMONOS OLBOU,
W ZEU, KATA MEN FQISAS
TAN GAMYWNUCA PARQENON
CRHSMWiDON, QANATWN D' EMAi
CWRAi PURGOS ANESTA·
EX hOU KAI BASILEUS KALHi
EMOS KAI TA MEGIST' ETI-
MAQHS TAIS MEGALAISIN EN
QHBAIS<IN> ANASSWN.

R. Young (Interm. NT Greek, 1994 p. 37) under a subheading "Genitive  
of Purpose" cites 2 Cor 1:24 ALLA SUNERGOI ESMEN THS CARAS hUMWN and  
states that "There are two clauses at the deep structure: 'We work  
together with you' and 'you have joy'. The two clauses are linked with  
a means-purpose relationship."

G.Cooper (Gk Syntax, v1, 47.7.6.A p181) "The adnominal genitive is  
often added to its noun in a simply paratactic sense ... as in all  
manners of apposition ...  it adds an explanation. ... explanation in  
terms of purpose  (finality) (including negative purpose, prevention)  
is especially frequent."

Cooper's first example QANATWN ... PURGOS S.OT 1200 was the most  
accessible (close at hand) and illustrates "negative purpose,  
prevention". It also shares another feature (anti-feature?) with  
SUNERGOI ... THS CARAS ... hUMWN 2COR. 1:24. The semantic bridge  
between PURGOS and QANATWN is nearly (but not quite) as far fetched as  
SUNERGOI and THS CARAS.

Cooper treats this under the general heading adnominal genitive, where  
the notion of purpose (finality) illustrates the flexibility of the  
adnominal genitive.

Elizabeth Kline







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