[B-Greek] Fwd: Aorist Indicative Example

Ken Penner ken.penner at acadiau.ca
Tue May 13 08:48:36 EDT 2008

Hi Randall,

It might be helpful to listers also to explain that the aorist tenses in 1 Pet 1:24 are simply the aorist tenses from the Greek Isaiah 40:7, which by convention translate the "perfect" tenses in the Hebrew Isaiah 40:7. I believe this "conventional" translation is what you call "literal translation" in your 1984 JSNT article "Hebrew Poetic Tenses and the Magnificat."
Interested listers might also consult Beat Zuber's work on the translation of tenses from Hebrew to Greek.

Ken M. Penner, Ph.D.
Acadia Divinity College
Hebrew and Greek vocabulary memorization software:

The change from ENESTWS to AORISTOS should be accounted for
beyond saying that the sentence is a general principle. The opposite
direction of change occurs in 1 Pet 1:24, following Hebrew/LXX where
the aorist is a proverbial example 'the grass dried the flower fell off
[as they always do] and the word of the Lord remains forever [which
goes far beyond any specific example]. One does not say in this
example that the grass is semantically a 'present' time. It is an
omnitemporal example, habitual, potentially present, but not
actually present.

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