[B-Greek] HA and AUTA in Gal 2:18

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Sat Jul 28 22:48:56 EDT 2007


16 εἰδότες [δὲ] ὅτι οὐ δικαιοῦται ἄνθρωπος ἐξ ἔργων νόμου ἐὰν μὴ διὰ πίστεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, καὶ ἡμεῖς εἰς Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐπιστεύσαμεν, ἵνα δικαιωθῶμεν ἐκ πίστεως Χριστοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, ὅτι ἐξ ἔργων νόμου οὐ δικαιωθήσεται πᾶσα σάρξ. … 18 εἰ γὰρ ἃ κατέλυσα ταῦτα πάλιν οἰκοδομῶ, παραβάτην ἐμαυτὸν συνιστάνω. 

16 EIDOTES [DE] hOTI OU DIKAIOUTAI ANQRWPOS EC ERGWN NOMOU EAN MH DIA PISTEWS IHSOU XRISTOU, KAI hHMEIS EIS XRISTON IHSOUN EPISTEUSAMEN, hINA DIKAIWQWMEN EK PISTEWS XRISTOU KAI OUK EC ERGWN NOMOU OU DIKAIWQHSETAI PASA SARC. … 18 EI GAR hA KATELUSA TAUTA PALIN OIKODOMWi, PARABATHN EMAUTON SUNISTANW.

Note that the only neut pl is ἔργων (νόμου) [ERGWN (NOMOU)].  Because of the rules of concord it is normally to be expected that any adj will agree in gender and number.  It is also interesting and in agreement that in the apodosis of the condition in v 18 he says παραβάτην ἐμαυτὸν συνιστάνω [PARABATHN EMAUTON SUNISTANW].  Why would he then prove to be a transgressor?  Because he has hypothetically ἃ κατέλυσα ταῦτα πάλιν οἰκοδομῶ [hA KATELUSA TAUTA PALIN OIKODOMW] which could only be the works of the Law which he theoretically establishes.  
 
george
gfsomsel
 
Therefore, O faithful Christian, search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.
 
- Jan Hus
_________



----- Original Message ----
From: Laurence Schell <laurenceschell at yahoo.co.uk>
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Saturday, July 28, 2007 8:09:06 PM
Subject: [B-Greek] HA and AUTA in Gal 2:18


Hi list members:

I know this question reflects a very elementary
understanding of Greek, but: Is it correct to say the
neuter plurals HA and AUTA in Gal. 2:18 are
grammatically tied to "works of the law" in v. 16? And
are there any other possibilities?

Laurence Schell


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