2 Cor 6:1

Steve Lovullo SLovullo at etcconnect.com
Tue Jan 7 11:18:43 EST 2003

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Paul Toseland [mailto:toseland at blueyonder.co.uk]
> Sent: Tuesday, January 07, 2003 9:45 AM
> To: Biblical Greek
> Subject: [b-greek] RE: 2 Cor 6:1

> > Paul, I think you are missing the semantic connection
> > between Acts 14.22 and 2 Cor 2.1. Yes, in both cases 
> > PARAKALEW introduces indirect speech, but note that 
> > in Acts 14.22 the infinitive clause is semantically 
> > equivalent to an imperative. The direct speech would be,
> > "Remain in the faith." The same with 2 Cor 6.1, "Do not
> > receive the grace of God in vain." 
> Yes, Acts 14:22 isn't an exact parallel; i haven't been able
> to find one. But according to ATR (1036), there are a number
> of verbs for which we have only single instances of the
> infinitive of indirect discourse in the NT. Since this would 
> be a rather special use of PARAKALEW not found in secular
> Greek, I thought that maybe the lack of a parallel might not
> be fatal.
> In Acts 14:22, PARAKALEW has the sense of 'urge' or 'exhort',
> so it is to be expected that the dependent infinitve EMMENEIN
> would be the semantic equivalent of an imperative. But maybe 
> in 2 Cor 6:1, as in many other instances in 2 Cor 1-7,
> PARAKALEW is not a verb of exhortation, but of consolation.
> Given this possibility - that in 2 Cor 6:1, PARAKALOUMEN 
> *might* mean, 'we speak words of consolation', is there a 
> clear lexical, semantic or syntactical objection to my (quite 
> tentative) suggestion?

Paul, I think Acts 14.22 is a **good** parallel. The only real difference is
that 2 Cor 6.2 is negative. Acts 14.22 is a positive exhortation; 2 Cor 6.2
is a negative exhortation. And considering the context of 2 Cor 6.2, I think
the suggestion that PARAKALEW there means "comfort" is next to impossible.
The fact that PARAKALEW is used earlier in the letter for "comfort" is
interesting, but the nearer context must dictate. I think the combination of
syntax and context make the sense "urge" practically assured.

Steve Lo Vullo 

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