Romans 3:4

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Tue Sep 4 14:46:04 EDT 2001


At 6:01 PM +0300 9/4/01, John Macaulay wrote:
>I am puzzled by the second line of this Hebrew parallelism.
>
>It reads KAI NIKHSEIS EN TW KRINESTHAI SE.
>
>My Question: Why is the second person singular pronoun 'you' in the
>accusative case?
>
>Surely this SE fits neither with taking the verb KRINOMAI as a middle, or
>with reading it as the passive?
>
>(a) In the case of the middle interpretation, I would expect a genitive SOU.
>(b) How, given that you the addressee of this line is God, could an
>accusative case go with a passive reading of the verb (and so the consequent
>NASB translation "And prevail when you are judged".)
>
>Is this a case of Hebraicised Greek, being a quotation from the LXX?

Yes, it is a quotation from the Greek, but no, it's not a Hebraicism or
"Semitism" as is the more common term. The form is SE because the subject
of an infinitive in Greek is most commonly an accusative, and here SE is
the subject of the infinitive KRINESQAI.
-- 

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/



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