Hebrews 10:14

Ben Crick ben.crick at argonet.co.uk
Tue Oct 23 07:52:51 EDT 2001


On Mon 22 Oct 2001 (22:35:14), tgbelt at compuserve.com wrote:
> Without materials to check on, I can't check into:
> 
> a) if there's a variant reading of the participal in a tense other than
> the present, or
> b) if not, whether the present tense of the participal (being a participal)
> is insignificant, i.e., coordinate with the preceding perfect TETELEIWKEN
> ("made perfect"), and ought to be understood as completed action.

 Dear Tom,

 The text is MIAi GAR PROSFORAi TETELEIWKEN EIS TO DIHNEKES TOUS hAGIAZOMENOUS

 For by one offering he has perfected for ever those who are being sanctified.

 a)  There is a variant reading in P46 only, ANASWZOMENOUS. This could be a
 "sound-alike" error from verbal dictation. It is also the Present Passive
 Participle, "those who are being saved". Is there a big difference between
 "those who are being hallowed hAGIAZOMENOUS" and "those who are being saved
 ANASWZOMENOUS"?

 b)  Salvation is an ongoing process, comprising Justification, Sanctification,
 and Glorification. We were justified by the "One Offering"; we are now being
 sanctified by an ongoing process. The writer's point is that the Old Testament
 sacrifices had to be continually repeated day by day to maintain the
 worshipper's state of grace; but the sacrifice of Jesus is once and for all,
 a "one-shot" remedy for sin (verses 10-14).

 This is expressed in the use of the Perfect Active Indicative TETELEIWKEN
 for the once-only act of justification ("perfection"); but the choice of the
 Present Passive Participle expresses the ongoing nature of the sanctification
 in individual believers. The process will be complete when "his enemies are
 made his footstool", verse 13. The English Versions mostly follow the majority
 text, along with the 27th edition of the Nestle/Aland GNT (UBS).

 ERRWSQE
 Ben
-- 
 Revd Ben Crick, BA CF
 <ben.crick at argonet.co.uk>
 232 Canterbury Road, Birchington, Kent, CT7 9TD (UK)
 http://www.cnetwork.co.uk/crick.htm






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