Are Participles Marked Temporally?

Paul S. Dixon dixonps at
Thu Mar 4 11:29:16 EST 1999

I'll third the suggestion.

Does the placement of the aorist participle  with respect
to the main verb suggest the author's intent it be taken
before, during or subsequent to the main action?

Sure, I'd be interested in your paper, Jon.  Is it online?

Paul S. Dixon, Pastor
Wilsonville, Oregon

On Thu, 4 Mar 1999 11:10:10 -0800 david reigle <reigles at>
>Yes, I second the motion for some discussion of these questions.  Even 
>discussion of just how some of you are defining actionsart and aspect 
>be helpful.
>Thanks in advance,
>Dave Reigle
>reigles at
>-----Original Message-----
>From:	Jon Robertson [SMTP:jmrober at]
>Sent:	Thursday, March 04, 1999 2:59 AM
>To:	Biblical Greek
>Subject:	Re: Are Participles Marked Temporally?
>Dear list,
>As we have opened this thread once again, I would like to ask a
>couple of basic questions.
>1.  Do people on this list believe that there is a basic difference
>between "aspect" and "aktionsart"?  Or do you believe these terms to
>be more or less interchangeable?  It is fundamental to the
>understanding of some "new" aspectual theory to realize that these
>terms are considered by the theorists (por ejemplo, Stanley Porter)
>to represent two different things.  For them aspect has to do with
>the decision of the author or speaker concerning how to depict the
>thought of the verb, while aktionsart has to do with the actual "type
>of action".
> 2.  What would people on the list think about the
>relative temporality of a participle being affected by the
>participle's position (i.e. before or after the main verb?)
>According to Porter, when the participle appears before the main
>verb, "there is a tendency for the action to be depicted as
>antecedent," while when after the main verb, "there is a tendency for
>the action to be seen as concurrent or subsequent." (Porter, Verbal
>Aspect, p. 381)  I am not necessarily arguing for this position, I
>just want to hear the opinions of those with greater experience and
>knowledge.  My small paper on the aorist participles which follow the
>head verb in the book of Acts seems to support Porter's view, but who
>knows???  (By the way, I now have a copy of that paper, if anyone is
>interested in seeing it.  The data would seem to support the view
>that there are certainly some examples of the aorist participle of
>"subsequent action".)
>In Christ,
>Jon Robertson
>"Quis caelum posset, nisi caeli munere, nosse,
>et reperire deum nisi qui pars ipse deorum?"
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