[permaculture] Good Reading and Reference
lfljvenaura at gmail.com
Tue Oct 7 10:09:59 EDT 2014
ATTN: Bob Waldrop & others interested in coops.
On Tue, Oct 7, 2014 at 2:13 AM, Steve Hart <stevenlawrencehart at gmail.com>
> If you have not already come across it.
> Kia ora
> [image: Picture]
> *Steve Hart*
> Ecology Architect
> Designer, Teacher, Builder of Ecologically Sustainable Resilient
> skype: stevenlawrencehart
> Permaculture Global Design:
> The Permaculture College of Europe.
> GAPPS The Global Alliance for Permaculture Partnerships and Solutions.
Thanks for the link, Steve. Have you heard about the Mondragon Cooperative
Humanity at Work
- MONDRAGON <http://www.youtube.com/user/mondragoncorporation>
- Mondragon Corporation
- The MONDRAGON Corporation is a corporation and federation of worker
cooperatives based in the Basque region of Spain. It was founded in the
town of Mondragón in 1956 by graduates of a local technical college. Its
first product was paraffin heaters. Wikipedia
José María Arizmendiarrieta
- Recent posts on Google+ <https://plus.google.com/+corporacionmondragon>
[image: Inline image 1]
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The *MONDRAGON Corporation* is a corporation
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporation> and federation
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperative_federation> of worker cooperatives
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worker_cooperative> based in the Basque
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euskal_Herria> region of Spain
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spain>. It was founded in the town of
Mondragón <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mondrag%C3%B3n> in 1956 by
graduates of a local technical college. Its first product was paraffin
heaters <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerosene_heater>. It is the
tenth-largest Spanish company in terms of asset turnover
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asset_turnover> and the leading business
group in the Basque Country
At the end of 2013, it employed 74,061 people in 257 companies and
organizations in four areas of activity: finance, industry, retail and
Mondragon cooperatives <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperative> operate
in accordance with Statement on the Co-operative Identity
maintained by the International Co-operative Alliance
The determining factor in the creation of the Mondragón system was the
arrival in 1941 of a young Catholic priest José María Arizmendiarrieta
Mondragón, a town with a population of 7,000 that had not yet recovered
from the Spanish Civil War <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Civil_War>:
poverty, hunger, exile and tension.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mondragon_Corporation#cite_note-2> In 1943,
Arizmendiarrieta established a technical college that became a training
ground for generations of managers, engineers and skilled labour for local
companies, and primarily for the co-operatives.
Before creating the first co-operative, Arizmendiarrieta spent a number of
years educating young people about a form of humanism
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanism> based on solidarity and
participation, in harmony with Catholic social teaching
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_social_teaching>, and the importance
of acquiring the necessary technical knowledge. In 1955, he selected five
of these young people to set up the first company of the co-operative and
industrial beginning of the Mondragon Corporation.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mondragon_Corporation#cite_note-4> The people
were Usatorre, Larrañaga, Gorroñogoitia, Ormaechea and Ortubay, and the
company was called Talleres Ulgor, an acronym derived from their surnames,
known today as Fagor Electrodomésticos.
In the first 15 years many co-operatives were established, thanks to the
autarky <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autarky> of the market and the
awakening of the Spanish economy
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Spain>. During those years, also
with the encouragement of Don José María, two bodies were set up that were
to play a key role in the development of Mondragon - Caja Laboral
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caja_Laboral> (1959) and the Social Welfare
Body Lagun Aro (1966). The first local group was created, Ularco, the
embryo of the industrial co-operative associativism which has been so
important in the corporation’s history. In 1969, Eroski
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eroski> was set up by a merger of ten small
local consumer co-operatives
During the next 20 years, from 1970 to 1990, the dynamism continued, with a
strong increase in turnover, the launch of new co-operatives promoted by
Caja Laboral’s Business Division, the promotion of co-operative
associativism with the forming of local groups, and the setting up of
Research Centre <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikerlan> in 1974.
With big changes on the horizon like Spain joining the European Economic
scheduled for 1986, it was decided to take an important step in the
organisational area, by setting up the Mondragon Co-operative Group in
1984, the forerunner to the current corporation. In-service training for
managers was also strengthened with the creation of Otalora, which was to
dedicate itself to training and co-operative dissemination. The Group had
23,130 workers at the end of 1990.
On the international stage, the aim was to respond to the growing
globalisation <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalisation> process,
strongly promoting expansion abroad by setting up production plants in a
number of countries. The first, the Copreci plant in Mexico
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico> in 1990 was followed by many others
taking the total to 73 by the end of 2008 and 122 at the end of 2013. This
was part of a strategy aimed at: increasing competitiveness and market
share, bringing component supply closer to important customers’ plants,
especially in the automotive
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automotive_industry> and domestic appliance
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_appliance> sectors; and strengthening
employment in the Basque Country, by promoting the export of products
manufactured by the co-operatives by means of the new platforms.
In October 2009, the United Steelworkers
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Steelworkers> announced an agreement
with Mondragon to create worker cooperatives
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worker_cooperative> in the United States.
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mondragon_Corporation#cite_note-9> On March
26, 2012, the USW, Mondragon, and the Ohio Employee Ownership Center (OEOC)
announced its detailed union co-op model.
Lawrence F. London
lfljvenaura at gmail.com
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