[permaculture] Market Gardening is NOT Permaculture.

Chris Carnevale c.s.carnevale at gmail.com
Fri Jan 31 09:40:05 EST 2014


And it should be noted too that forest gardens aren't intrinsically 
annuals versus perennials. They're both but the composition changes over 
time. More annuals to begin with that are phased out as perennial 
production kicks in and canopy begins to close. Correct me if I'm wrong, 
but I believe Mark Shepard's farm in Wisconsin followed this model. 
Alley cropping is a promising agroforestry technique that has many of 
the benefits of a pernnial system yet is designed with production in mind.

Chris Carnevale
Charleston, South Carolina

On 1/31/14, 8:13 AM, Chris Carnevale wrote:
> Annuals strive to complete their lifecycle including reproduction in 
> one year, which means they go gangbusters trying to flower, fruit, 
> seed, etc. because they have nothing to lose. So for fruit and 
> seed--yes, annuals are likely to produce relatively more than their 
> perennial counterparts.
>
> For vegetables, I don't know why, biologically speaking, annuals would 
> do better than perennials, since much of the "maintenance functions" 
> are putting on vegetative growth (which could potentially be harvested 
> as vegetables). It's worth noting, as Eric Toensmeier has said 
> numerous times, that perennial vegetable breeding is at square 1 
> compared to annual vegetable breeding. There has been such extensive 
> breeding done on annuals that comparing annuals vs. perennials is not 
> really an apples-to-apples comparison at this point. That doesn't 
> necessarily make them any more productive at this moment, but it's 
> worth considering.
>
> Perennial systems are able to convert more sunlight and CO2 into 
> biomass--whether that be edible vegetables, nuts, fruits, or other 
> things like trunk, branches, leaves, roots, flowers, pollen, etc. 
> Whatever isn't edible to humans is still often a boon to the system as 
> a whole by increasing soil organic matter, creating habitat for 
> biodiversity, etc. and there are side products such as leaves for 
> mulch, firewood, poles for stakes or fencing, animal forage, lumber, 
> etc. which have an overt economic value. It's likely that the overt 
> economic value of those side products won't outweigh fruit and 
> vegetables that are fit for direct human consumption, but it's also 
> worth noting that all of this biological productivity is something 
> that is generally minimized with just annuals--it's a missed 
> opportunity cost in a sense.
>
> The context of forest gardens within zone analysis is important to 
> consider. Forest gardens are often better suited to zone 2 or 3 than 
> zone 1 because they don't necessarily need day-to-day work or 
> harvesting. Vegetable gardens on the other hand are typically zone 1 
> elements because they are harvested more frequently and need more 
> constant attention. Theory says that indigenous peoples once managed 
> many thousands or millions of acres of cultivated food forests, which 
> also supported game to hunt--this was supposedly feasible because of 
> the work:product ratio. It makes sense to me. There's no way they 
> could have managed that amount of land devoted to annual crops--nor 
> would they need to have.
>
> Forest gardens aren't a one-size-fits-all approach, but within 
> context, they are powerful tools.
>
> Chris Carnevale
>
>
> On 1/30/14, 11:18 PM, Toby Hemenway wrote:
>>
>> On Jan 30, 2014, at 4:00 PM, John D'hondt wrote:
>>
>>> I think we all agree on this Toby but would you not say that annual 
>>> gardens
>>> just because they produce more need more inputs?
>>
>> I'd like to see data on the comparison (I know it's there, I just 
>> haven't searched). Our theory is that food forests need fewer inputs 
>> in the long run, but I haven't checked to see if this is really true. 
>> If you are growing 100 lbs of potatoes that are mostly edible tuber 
>> with a small amount of inedible greens, won't that take fewer 
>> nutrients than growing several tons of walnut tree to yield 100 lbs 
>> of shelled nuts along with, every season, a few hundred lbs of husks 
>> and leaves? I know that the tree's wood only needs to grow up once to 
>> keep yielding for a century or two, but the leaves and husks have to 
>> get built every year.
>>
>> One of the complaints about food forest theory, voiced by a garden 
>> editor, Greg Williams, is that woody plants devote most of their 
>> energy to maintenance functions, which don't yield food, while 
>> annuals devote nearly all their energy to growth, thus annuals will 
>> consistently outyield perennials. I'm not sure if I buy this, but I 
>> have a hard time refuting the logic. It bothers me. I want to love 
>> food forests.
>>
>> Toby
>> http://patternliteracy.com
>>
>>
>>> I mostly reacted to the
>>> argument from Darrell that there was not enough input available for 
>>> food
>>> forests. If that is true then there can not be enough for the more 
>>> demanding
>>> annual garden either. Since that is not the case in most places then 
>>> there
>>> must be enough for food forests too.
>>> If there is not enough input material available for a food forest 
>>> then is it
>>> not likely to be the case that the annual garden will be even more 
>>> under-
>>> supplied with nutrients?
>>> John
>>>
>>>> It's a law of physics: if you are harvesting from a system, you must
>>>> provide inputs to replace what is lost in harvest. Food forests need
>>>> inputs just as annual gardens do. They do some deep-root nutrient
>>>> extraction, but not enough to supply all their nutrients. I deeply 
>>>> love
>>>> the idea and reality of food forests, but as substantial producers of
>>>> dietary needs, they are nowhere near annual gardens at this point.
>>>>
>>>> Toby
>>>> http://patternliteracy.com
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On Jan 30, 2014, at 10:37 AM, John D'hondt wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> Sorry Darrell but I side with April in this. If you export 
>>>>> vegetables and
>>>>> thus nutrients from your land you need inputs. These inputs could 
>>>>> be used
>>>>> for a food forest and once this was established that would recycle 
>>>>> under
>>>>> it's own power.
>>>>> For thousands of years in China farmers did work with a closed 
>>>>> system.
>>>>> They
>>>>> would go to market in the morning with a cart of produce and they 
>>>>> would
>>>>> return in the evening with the nightsoil of their customers. 
>>>>> Unthinkable
>>>>> now. But if you export nutrients even from the most fertile soil 
>>>>> you run
>>>>> into serious problems after about 20 years.
>>>>> John
>>>>>
>>>>>> well April, them's fightin words for sure..... but seriously......
>>>>>> there is not enough mulch in all the world for food forests as I 
>>>>>> have
>>>>>> seen them. Now if you want to limit the term permaculture to some 
>>>>>> ideal
>>>>>> dream world applications and be a purist to ecosystem energy 
>>>>>> equations,
>>>>>> that is fine with me, but we will have very little common ground for
>>>>>> disussion. If you want to discuss permaculture design a a profession
>>>>>> that leads people to regenerative ecological solutions then we can
>>>>>> disuss it.
>>>>>> When I met Bill Mollison he advised me to develop a market garden
>>>>>> with the application of permaculture . seemed like good advice at 
>>>>>> the
>>>>>> time, and so here I am still developing the finer points of 
>>>>>> Permacuture
>>>>>> Market Gardening.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Darrell
>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New Society
>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Thu, 30 Jan 2014 10:06:30 +1100, A Sampson-Kelly
>>>>>> <april at permaculturevisions.com> wrote:
>>>>>> Market Gardens are wonderful, don't get me misquoted here,
>>>>>>> but they are not the permaculture message.
>>>>>>> Market gardens export nutrients and organic matter, they are
>>>>>>> constantly needing inputs to compensate for the exports.
>>>>>>> as we all know Permaculture design aims to be a closed nutrient 
>>>>>>> cycle,
>>>>>>> so when something like a gorgeous market garden is branded as
>>>>>>> permaculture it muddies the message.
>>>>>>> When you need to keep importing nutrients and minerals and organic
>>>>>>> matter you are starting to talk about extra "work" and extra
>>>>>>> management.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> When I first came to this site in 1993 we spent 6 hours every 
>>>>>>> second
>>>>>>> weekend in summer just mowing the lawns,
>>>>>>> we definitely invest a lot less work and time on this site now.
>>>>>>> So, there is no trouble with permaculture on my site and the 
>>>>>>> reduced
>>>>>>> work load is clear here.
>>>>>>> http://permaculturevisions.com/what-is-permaculture-2/905-2/the-difference-between-organic-gardening-and-permaculture/ 
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> -- *April S-Kelly*
>>>>>>> Additional Email: aprilskellymtkembla at gmail.com
>>>>>>> Write: Permaculture Visions Cordeaux Rd Mt Kembla Village 2526
>>>>>>> Australia
>>>>>>> Facebook: Permaculture Visions Fan Page
>>>>>>> Google+: MotherGoosePermaculture A-S-Kelly
>>>>>>> We are a carbon-negative business. 
>>>>>>> http://www.permaculturevisions.com
>>>>>>> <http://www.permaculturevisions.com/>
>>>>>>> *Please consider your environment before printing this email on
>>>>>>> old-fashioned paper.*
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On 26/01/2014 2:22 PM, permaculture-request at lists.ibiblio.org 
>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>> Send permaculture mailing list submissions to
>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
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>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more 
>>>>>>>> specific
>>>>>>>> than "Re: Contents of permaculture digest..."
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Today's Topics:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>    1. Re: The Trouble with Permaculture ( Darrell E. Frey )
>>>>>>>>    2. Re: The Trouble with Permaculture ( Darrell E. Frey )
>>>>>>>>    3. New residential PDC for 2014: Permaculture Design, Deep
>>>>>>>>       Nature Connection, and Natural Health (Lawrence London)
>>>>>>>>    4. Re: The Trouble with Permaculture (Michael Pilarski)
>>>>>>>>    5. 9th Annual PDC, MMRF, Belize, Feb 10-22nd (christopher 
>>>>>>>> nesbitt)
>>>>>>>>    6. Re: The Trouble with Permaculture ( Darrell E. Frey )
>>>>>>>>    7. Re: The Trouble with Permaculture (Koreen Brennan)
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 1
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 13:23:04 -0500
>>>>>>>> From: " Darrell E. Frey " <defrey at bioshelter.com>
>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: [permaculture] The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID: 
>>>>>>>> <20140125132304.99kczrwvfsowg8so at webmail.bioshelter.com>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8; format="flowed"
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I have to confess I have had similar experiences as the article
>>>>>>>> describes, many times over the last 30 years. Many people have 
>>>>>>>> visited
>>>>>>>> my market garden farm, who, with a limited view of Permaculture
>>>>>>>> Design,
>>>>>>>> offered numerous critiques? and questioned where the 
>>>>>>>> "permaculture "
>>>>>>>> was?
>>>>>>>>   I have been teaching permaculture design since 1987, with many
>>>>>>>> different associates, in various venues. We always teach 
>>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>> as a design system applied land, buildings,? businesses, farms,
>>>>>>>> schools lifestyles and regions and so on. Permaculture 
>>>>>>>> encompasses all
>>>>>>>> aspects of our human relationship to our planet and draws on many
>>>>>>>> disciplines and resources to achieve our goals consistant with our
>>>>>>>> ethics. As I heard Bill Mollison say in person in 1981, it is 
>>>>>>>> not how
>>>>>>>> you garden, it is just where you put the garden that makes a
>>>>>>>> permaculture design .
>>>>>>>> As a permaculture design professional I help clients, starting 
>>>>>>>> from
>>>>>>>> where they are, to achieve their goals to live a more ecologically
>>>>>>>> sustainable lifestyle. Sometimes that includes a forest garden,
>>>>>>>> sometimes a biointensive garden, and generally a mix. Some may 
>>>>>>>> mulch,
>>>>>>>> sme may till. Generally they will do both in different gardens.?
>>>>>>>> Sometimes it is just about what they eat and where they buy it, 
>>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>>> what the do with "waste" But it also includes time management,
>>>>>>>> succession planning, resource conservation, and a goal to 
>>>>>>>> achieve the
>>>>>>>> yields the client seeks.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> So, back to the article in question, I say bravo! Let us read such
>>>>>>>> self
>>>>>>>> critique with an open mind and seek to broaden the view of our
>>>>>>>> associates. The experience the author describes predate the a
>>>>>>>> forementioned Vlad by decades, and comes from people short on
>>>>>>>> experience .
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ? A deep reading of Bill Mollison does not really promise no work
>>>>>>>> gardening. Do not confuse his promotion techniques with real 
>>>>>>>> advice.
>>>>>>>> Yes, such presentation by Mollison may have led to short sighted
>>>>>>>> comprehension by novices? of permaculture, but I do not think 
>>>>>>>> he, or
>>>>>>>> anyone else I have taught permaculture with promised a yield 
>>>>>>>> with no
>>>>>>>> work. And we did not think mollison really suggested that 
>>>>>>>> entirely. I
>>>>>>>> met Bill Mollison in 1981 and again in 1990 when he spent a day 
>>>>>>>> at my
>>>>>>>> fledgling farm. He wrote in my copy of the Designer's Manual. 
>>>>>>>> "Great
>>>>>>>> Work!" as he signed it for me. Work indeed!
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New Society
>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 06:18:54 -0500, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>> Why Bad? I think this article is a good one, althought it is very
>>>>>>>>> critical with some expressions of PC-
>>>>>>>>> the author is not uninformed, since she aparently read though 
>>>>>>>>> some of
>>>>>>>>> the basic literature plus seems to have considerable 
>>>>>>>>> experience in
>>>>>>>>> organic food production...
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Its more than clear now that some of the "Mollsionisms" ("The
>>>>>>>>> designer becomes a recliner"/ "The problem is the solution"/ 
>>>>>>>>> etc.)
>>>>>>>>> were great vehicles to draw atention back in the 80ies, but also
>>>>>>>>> helped to build "cult permaculture" & a cadre of enthusiastic PC
>>>>>>>>> illuminates described in the article. No problem...I have been 
>>>>>>>>> one
>>>>>>>>> after my first PDC back in 1996....and I?m happy for that, since
>>>>>>>>> this motivated me (in my case) to actually try to establish some
>>>>>>>>> systems and realize that not everything works as well in 
>>>>>>>>> realiity as
>>>>>>>>> described th the PC Designers Manual, a greant book but 
>>>>>>>>> definitly not
>>>>>>>>> the "bible" and/or ultimate expression of PC.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Every course of some PC celebrities (Geoff Lawton is one 
>>>>>>>>> prominent
>>>>>>>>> example) adds some more to this number (and I think nobody in 
>>>>>>>>> thios
>>>>>>>>> group wants to qualify him as some body who gives "bad 
>>>>>>>>> courses"), and
>>>>>>>>> its only through a few years of practice "on the ground",
>>>>>>>>> establishing designs, getting dirtty, maintainig developing 
>>>>>>>>> systems,
>>>>>>>>> producing food, experiencing how systems actually work and evolve
>>>>>>>>> over time in different climates & contexts, that the imaginative
>>>>>>>>> power of PC concepts get grounded.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> saludos desde Colombia (en este momento)
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Holger
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> El 24/01/14 04:14, permaculture-request at lists.ibiblio.org 
>>>>>>>>> escribi?:
>>>>>>>>>> The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> http://www.resilience.org/stories/2014-01-23/the-trouble-with-permaculture 
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> a very bad article; Vlad fodder, awful - just to see what the
>>>>>>>>>> uninformed
>>>>>>>>>> are up to
>>>>>>>>> -- Holger Hieronimi - holger at tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>> TIERRAMOR - Dise?o Integrado
>>>>>>>>> www.tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>> Dise?o de sistemas ecol?gicos
>>>>>>>>> Consultas y asesor?as
>>>>>>>>> Facilitaci?n de conferencias, seminarios, cursos y talleres
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>> message archives: 
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 2
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 13:23:04 -0500
>>>>>>>> From: " Darrell E. Frey " <defrey at bioshelter.com>
>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: [permaculture] The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID: 
>>>>>>>> <20140125132304.99kczrwvfsowg8so at webmail.bioshelter.com>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8; format="flowed"
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I have to confess I have had similar experiences as the article
>>>>>>>> describes, many times over the last 30 years. Many people have 
>>>>>>>> visited
>>>>>>>> my market garden farm, who, with a limited view of Permaculture
>>>>>>>> Design,
>>>>>>>> offered numerous critiques? and questioned where the 
>>>>>>>> "permaculture "
>>>>>>>> was?
>>>>>>>>   I have been teaching permaculture design since 1987, with many
>>>>>>>> different associates, in various venues. We always teach 
>>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>> as a design system applied land, buildings,? businesses, farms,
>>>>>>>> schools lifestyles and regions and so on. Permaculture 
>>>>>>>> encompasses all
>>>>>>>> aspects of our human relationship to our planet and draws on many
>>>>>>>> disciplines and resources to achieve our goals consistant with our
>>>>>>>> ethics. As I heard Bill Mollison say in person in 1981, it is 
>>>>>>>> not how
>>>>>>>> you garden, it is just where you put the garden that makes a
>>>>>>>> permaculture design .
>>>>>>>> As a permaculture design professional I help clients, starting 
>>>>>>>> from
>>>>>>>> where they are, to achieve their goals to live a more ecologically
>>>>>>>> sustainable lifestyle. Sometimes that includes a forest garden,
>>>>>>>> sometimes a biointensive garden, and generally a mix. Some may 
>>>>>>>> mulch,
>>>>>>>> sme may till. Generally they will do both in different gardens.?
>>>>>>>> Sometimes it is just about what they eat and where they buy it, 
>>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>>> what the do with "waste" But it also includes time management,
>>>>>>>> succession planning, resource conservation, and a goal to 
>>>>>>>> achieve the
>>>>>>>> yields the client seeks.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> So, back to the article in question, I say bravo! Let us read such
>>>>>>>> self
>>>>>>>> critique with an open mind and seek to broaden the view of our
>>>>>>>> associates. The experience the author describes predate the a
>>>>>>>> forementioned Vlad by decades, and comes from people short on
>>>>>>>> experience .
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ? A deep reading of Bill Mollison does not really promise no work
>>>>>>>> gardening. Do not confuse his promotion techniques with real 
>>>>>>>> advice.
>>>>>>>> Yes, such presentation by Mollison may have led to short sighted
>>>>>>>> comprehension by novices? of permaculture, but I do not think 
>>>>>>>> he, or
>>>>>>>> anyone else I have taught permaculture with promised a yield 
>>>>>>>> with no
>>>>>>>> work. And we did not think mollison really suggested that 
>>>>>>>> entirely. I
>>>>>>>> met Bill Mollison in 1981 and again in 1990 when he spent a day 
>>>>>>>> at my
>>>>>>>> fledgling farm. He wrote in my copy of the Designer's Manual. 
>>>>>>>> "Great
>>>>>>>> Work!" as he signed it for me. Work indeed!
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New Society
>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 06:18:54 -0500, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>> Why Bad? I think this article is a good one, althought it is very
>>>>>>>>> critical with some expressions of PC-
>>>>>>>>> the author is not uninformed, since she aparently read though 
>>>>>>>>> some of
>>>>>>>>> the basic literature plus seems to have considerable 
>>>>>>>>> experience in
>>>>>>>>> organic food production...
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Its more than clear now that some of the "Mollsionisms" ("The
>>>>>>>>> designer becomes a recliner"/ "The problem is the solution"/ 
>>>>>>>>> etc.)
>>>>>>>>> were great vehicles to draw atention back in the 80ies, but also
>>>>>>>>> helped to build "cult permaculture" & a cadre of enthusiastic PC
>>>>>>>>> illuminates described in the article. No problem...I have been 
>>>>>>>>> one
>>>>>>>>> after my first PDC back in 1996....and I?m happy for that, since
>>>>>>>>> this motivated me (in my case) to actually try to establish some
>>>>>>>>> systems and realize that not everything works as well in 
>>>>>>>>> realiity as
>>>>>>>>> described th the PC Designers Manual, a greant book but 
>>>>>>>>> definitly not
>>>>>>>>> the "bible" and/or ultimate expression of PC.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Every course of some PC celebrities (Geoff Lawton is one 
>>>>>>>>> prominent
>>>>>>>>> example) adds some more to this number (and I think nobody in 
>>>>>>>>> thios
>>>>>>>>> group wants to qualify him as some body who gives "bad 
>>>>>>>>> courses"), and
>>>>>>>>> its only through a few years of practice "on the ground",
>>>>>>>>> establishing designs, getting dirtty, maintainig developing 
>>>>>>>>> systems,
>>>>>>>>> producing food, experiencing how systems actually work and evolve
>>>>>>>>> over time in different climates & contexts, that the imaginative
>>>>>>>>> power of PC concepts get grounded.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> saludos desde Colombia (en este momento)
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Holger
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> El 24/01/14 04:14, permaculture-request at lists.ibiblio.org 
>>>>>>>>> escribi?:
>>>>>>>>>> The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> http://www.resilience.org/stories/2014-01-23/the-trouble-with-permaculture 
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> a very bad article; Vlad fodder, awful - just to see what the
>>>>>>>>>> uninformed
>>>>>>>>>> are up to
>>>>>>>>> -- Holger Hieronimi - holger at tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>> TIERRAMOR - Dise?o Integrado
>>>>>>>>> www.tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>> Dise?o de sistemas ecol?gicos
>>>>>>>>> Consultas y asesor?as
>>>>>>>>> Facilitaci?n de conferencias, seminarios, cursos y talleres
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>> message archives: 
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 3
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 16:45:20 -0500
>>>>>>>> From: Lawrence London <lfljvenaura at gmail.com>
>>>>>>>> Subject: [permaculture] New residential PDC for 2014: Permaculture
>>>>>>>> Design, Deep Nature Connection, and Natural Health
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture <permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID:
>>>>>>>> <CA+j2Q+B3K_mu0ksRJ7o3X+BKKcmjp1z8U08Wtvq-J0oFbAGuJg at mail.gmail.com> 
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/pdc-2014/
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> New residential PDC for 2014: Permaculture Design, Deep Nature
>>>>>>>> Connection,
>>>>>>>> and Natural Health
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> by Ludwig Appeltans on October 6, 2013
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> in Awareness <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/awareness/>,
>>>>>>>> Climate
>>>>>>>> Change <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/climate-change/>,
>>>>>>>> consciousness<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/consciousness/>, 
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Courses <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/courses/>, Earth 
>>>>>>>> Ways'
>>>>>>>> Farm<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/earth-ways-farm/>,
>>>>>>>> Education <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/education/>,
>>>>>>>> Environment<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/environment/>,
>>>>>>>> evolution <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/evolution/>, 
>>>>>>>> Forest
>>>>>>>> Garden<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/forest-garden/>,
>>>>>>>> Gardening <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/gardening/>, 
>>>>>>>> Natural
>>>>>>>> Pest
>>>>>>>> Control
>>>>>>> <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/natural-pest-control/>, 
>>>>>>> Nature
>>>>>>>> Connection 
>>>>>>>> <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/nature-connection/>,
>>>>>>>> News
>>>>>>>> & Events <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/news-events/>,
>>>>>>>> Organic<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/organic/>,
>>>>>>>> Permaculture <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/permaculture/>,
>>>>>>>> Survival
>>>>>>>> Skills <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/survival-skills/>,
>>>>>>>> Tracking<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/tracking/>,
>>>>>>>> Wilderness <http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/wilderness/>,
>>>>>>>> Wildlife<http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/category/wildlife/>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> July 4th, 6PM? July 18th, 1PM  2014. Anam Cara, Inverness, 
>>>>>>>> Highland,
>>>>>>>> Scotland.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> This holistic approach towards permaculture is a exciting new
>>>>>>>> combination.
>>>>>>>> It reflects the pioneering permaculture vision that Earth Ways has
>>>>>>>> developed over the years.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Permaculture starts with nature connection and is only complete 
>>>>>>>> when
>>>>>>>> people
>>>>>>>> are as healthy as they can be.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Permaculture is designing sustainable systems, modelled on nature.
>>>>>>>> Re-connecting with nature to better understand her is an essential
>>>>>>>> first
>>>>>>>> step.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I?m pleased to tell you that the course will be of very high
>>>>>>>> standards.
>>>>>>>> Even  better than the last one with our new addition to our crew:
>>>>>>>> Klaudia
>>>>>>>> van Gool. Ludwig Appeltans, Klaudia van Gool, Greg Sommer and 
>>>>>>>> Georgina
>>>>>>>> Richardson will offer a fantastic 14 day intensive course at Anam
>>>>>>>> Cara<http://www.anamcara.org>in Inverness.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Learn about natural systems and deepen your understanding of
>>>>>>>> Permaculture
>>>>>>>> Design, Forest Gardening and ecosystems. Be(come) connected to 
>>>>>>>> nature
>>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>>> learn how to design a permaculture diet with Georgina 
>>>>>>>> Richardson. She
>>>>>>>> is a
>>>>>>>> natural health chef. She will show us how to design ?a 
>>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>> diet?
>>>>>>>> and feed us this way for the full 14 days enabling us to 
>>>>>>>> experience
>>>>>>>> how
>>>>>>>> our
>>>>>>>> body and mind feels when fed so healthily. Food that is good 
>>>>>>>> for the
>>>>>>>> planet
>>>>>>>> AND good for us!
>>>>>>>> You will also have the opportunity to spend some time foraging,
>>>>>>>> relaxing
>>>>>>>> and exploring Scottish Highland?s nature, where you can 
>>>>>>>> discover the
>>>>>>>> magnificent wildlife present in this stunning location.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> The delightful flavour of this Permaculture Design Course will be
>>>>>>>> upheld by
>>>>>>>> the 4 awesome teachers working together, with the accents of 
>>>>>>>> Nature
>>>>>>>> Connection and Natural Health making it a PDC with distinction.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Upon successful completion you will be awarded a certificate in
>>>>>>>> Permaculture Design from the Permaculture Association Britain.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> We?d love you to join us.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> More pictures from the last PDC?s can be seen here:
>>>>>>>> http://www.earth-ways.co.uk/gallery/
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> or here:
>>>>>>> http://www.flickr.com/photos/32369588@N07/sets/72157634771197666/<http://www.flickr.com/photos/32369588@N07/sets/72157634771197666/> 
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> <>
>>>>>>>> FAQ
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> *- Why would I choose this course over other PDC?s? *
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> If you?re curious why I am so confident that this course is so
>>>>>>>> wonderful,
>>>>>>>> please read on:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>    - Teaching quality is unusually high with 4 teachers and 
>>>>>>>> unusual
>>>>>>>> yet
>>>>>>>>    effective teaching methods. We each teach from our strengths,
>>>>>>> lifting the
>>>>>>>>    level of the course higher, with more personal assistance.
>>>>>>> Please check out
>>>>>>>>    the biography of the teachers to see what excellence we have to
>>>>>>> share with
>>>>>>>>    you.
>>>>>>>>    - Perfect location; our venue is the beautiful Anam
>>>>>>>> Cara<http://www.anamcara.org>,
>>>>>>>>    surrounded by the beautiful Scottish wildlife, which gives us
>>>>>>>> excellent
>>>>>>>>    nature observation opportunities.
>>>>>>>>    - Our course gives you the opportunity to experience what 
>>>>>>>> life can
>>>>>>>> be
>>>>>>>>    like when we are treating our body to the healthiest and most
>>>>>>> balanced diet
>>>>>>>>    one can design on a normal household budget. We will also 
>>>>>>>> give you
>>>>>>>> the
>>>>>>>>    tools you need to develop a permaculture diet.
>>>>>>>>    - The course will be taught on the premises of a beautiful new
>>>>>>>>    permaculture garden, which gives you an -on site- example of
>>>>>>> how to change
>>>>>>>>    an organic garden into a permaculture garden and practice the
>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>>    principles you?ll learn.
>>>>>>>>    - A wide variety of choice to make your practice design with 
>>>>>>>> a wide
>>>>>>>>    variety of expertise available from the teachers.
>>>>>>>>    - Most Permaculture Design courses offer only the 72 hours 
>>>>>>>> tuition
>>>>>>>>    required for the certificate. We also offer many more optional
>>>>>>>> learning
>>>>>>>>    opportunities, making the course a holistic wonderful learning
>>>>>>> experience.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 4
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 15:43:19 -0800 (PST)
>>>>>>>> From: Michael Pilarski <friendsofthetrees at yahoo.com>
>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: [permaculture] The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture <permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID:
>>>>>>>> <1390693399.39730.YahooMailNeo at web142301.mail.bf1.yahoo.com>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Darrell,? thank you for the comments. I concur with you 
>>>>>>>> completely.?
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I too read the article being talked about and didn't think it 
>>>>>>>> was a
>>>>>>> bad article at all.? She lambasted permaculturists who don't 
>>>>>>> know how
>>>>>>> to garden, and rightly so.? She poked at some holes in the PC
>>>>>>> ideology/dogmatism, and rightly so.? We should all be alert for
>>>>>>> dogmatism and applying permaculture techniques blindly (such as 
>>>>>>> every
>>>>>>> pc design should include sheet mulch, a hugelkultur and a food
>>>>>>> forest).
>>>>>>>> I went and viewed the youtube she was criticizing of Mike
>>>>>>> Feingold's pc garden in the UK.? Mike's pc site looked good to 
>>>>>>> me and
>>>>>>> his gardening . His dialogue was good.? I am not sure what she was
>>>>>>> complaining about. Maybe it was because Mike looked untidy. Perhaps
>>>>>>> it wasn't as productive as a wall to wall garden at peak
>>>>>>> productivity.? But for the amount of time he put into it, I suspect
>>>>>>> the cost/yield ratio was good.? I am perhaps biased since Mike
>>>>>>> Feingold is a friend of mine and we taught a pdc in Nepal 
>>>>>>> together.?
>>>>>>>> here is Mike Feingold's youtube if anyone wants to watch it, 9
>>>>>>> minutes 37 seconds.
>>>>>>>> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3R1BZVnD4M
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Michael Pilarski
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ?
>>>>>>>> Michael "Skeeter" Pilarski
>>>>>>>> Permaculture - Wildcrafting - Medicinal Herbs & Seeds
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Sign up for my newsletter at www.friendsofthetrees.net
>>>>>>>> www.facebook.com/michael.skeeter.pilarski
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Saturday, January 25, 2014 11:55 AM, Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>> <defrey at bioshelter.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> I have to confess I have had similar experiences as the article
>>>>>>>> describes, many times over the last 30 years. Many people have 
>>>>>>>> visited
>>>>>>>> my market garden farm, who, with a limited view of Permaculture
>>>>>>>> Design,
>>>>>>>> offered numerous critiques? and questioned where the 
>>>>>>>> "permaculture "
>>>>>>>> was?
>>>>>>>> ? I have been teaching permaculture design since 1987, with many
>>>>>>>> different associates, in various venues. We always teach 
>>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>> as a design system applied land, buildings,? businesses, farms,
>>>>>>>> schools lifestyles and regions and so on. Permaculture 
>>>>>>>> encompasses all
>>>>>>>> aspects of our human relationship to our planet and draws on many
>>>>>>>> disciplines and resources to achieve our goals consistant with our
>>>>>>>> ethics. As I heard Bill Mollison say in person in 1981, it is 
>>>>>>>> not how
>>>>>>>> you garden, it is just where you put the garden that makes a
>>>>>>>> permaculture design .
>>>>>>>> As a permaculture design professional I help clients, starting 
>>>>>>>> from
>>>>>>>> where they are, to achieve their goals to live a more ecologically
>>>>>>>> sustainable lifestyle. Sometimes that includes a forest garden,
>>>>>>>> sometimes a biointensive garden, and generally a mix. Some may 
>>>>>>>> mulch,
>>>>>>>> sme may till. Generally they will do both in different gardens.?
>>>>>>>> Sometimes it is just about what they eat and where they buy it, 
>>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>>> what the do with "waste" But it also includes time management,
>>>>>>>> succession planning, resource conservation, and a goal to 
>>>>>>>> achieve the
>>>>>>>> yields the client seeks.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> So, back to the article in question, I say bravo! Let us read such
>>>>>>>> self
>>>>>>>> critique with an open mind and seek to broaden the view of our
>>>>>>>> associates. The experience the author describes predate the a
>>>>>>>> forementioned Vlad by decades, and comes from people short on
>>>>>>>> experience .
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ? A deep reading of Bill Mollison does not really promise no work
>>>>>>>> gardening. Do not confuse his promotion techniques with real 
>>>>>>>> advice.
>>>>>>>> Yes, such presentation by Mollison may have led to short sighted
>>>>>>>> comprehension by novices? of permaculture, but I do not think 
>>>>>>>> he, or
>>>>>>>> anyone else I have taught permaculture with promised a yield 
>>>>>>>> with no
>>>>>>>> work. And we did not think mollison really suggested that 
>>>>>>>> entirely. I
>>>>>>>> met Bill Mollison in 1981 and again in 1990 when he spent a day 
>>>>>>>> at my
>>>>>>>> fledgling farm. He wrote in my copy of the Designer's Manual. 
>>>>>>>> "Great
>>>>>>>> Work!" as he signed it for me. Work indeed!
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New Society
>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 06:18:54 -0500, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>> Why Bad? I think this article is a good one, althought it is very
>>>>>>>>> critical with some expressions of PC-
>>>>>>>>> the author is not uninformed, since she aparently read though 
>>>>>>>>> some of
>>>>>>>>> the basic literature plus seems to have considerable 
>>>>>>>>> experience in
>>>>>>>>> organic food production...
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Its more than clear now that some of the "Mollsionisms" ("The
>>>>>>>>> designer becomes a recliner"/ "The problem is the solution"/ 
>>>>>>>>> etc.)
>>>>>>>>> were great vehicles to draw atention back in the 80ies, but also
>>>>>>>>> helped to build "cult permaculture" & a cadre of enthusiastic PC
>>>>>>>>> illuminates described in the article. No problem...I have been 
>>>>>>>>> one
>>>>>>>>> after my first PDC back in 1996....and I?m happy for that, since
>>>>>>>>> this motivated me (in my case) to actually try to establish some
>>>>>>>>> systems and realize that not everything works as well in 
>>>>>>>>> realiity as
>>>>>>>>> described th the PC Designers Manual, a greant book but 
>>>>>>>>> definitly not
>>>>>>>>> the "bible" and/or ultimate expression of PC.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Every course of some PC celebrities (Geoff Lawton is one 
>>>>>>>>> prominent
>>>>>>>>> example) adds some more to this number (and I think nobody in 
>>>>>>>>> thios
>>>>>>>>> group wants to qualify him as some body who gives "bad 
>>>>>>>>> courses"), and
>>>>>>>>> its only through a few years of practice "on the ground",
>>>>>>>>> establishing designs, getting dirtty, maintainig developing 
>>>>>>>>> systems,
>>>>>>>>> producing food, experiencing how systems actually work and evolve
>>>>>>>>> over time in different climates & contexts, that the imaginative
>>>>>>>>> power of PC concepts get grounded.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> saludos desde Colombia (en este momento)
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Holger
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> El 24/01/14 04:14, permaculture-request at lists.ibiblio.org 
>>>>>>>>> escribi?:
>>>>>>>>>> The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> http://www.resilience.org/stories/2014-01-23/the-trouble-with-permaculture 
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> a very bad article; Vlad fodder, awful - just to see what the
>>>>>>>>>> uninformed
>>>>>>>>>> are up to
>>>>>>>>> -- Holger Hieronimi - holger at tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>> TIERRAMOR - Dise?o Integrado
>>>>>>>>> www.tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>> Dise?o de sistemas ecol?gicos
>>>>>>>>> Consultas y asesor?as
>>>>>>>>> Facilitaci?n de conferencias, seminarios, cursos y talleres
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation toward
>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>>>>>>> Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 5
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 18:20:44 -0600
>>>>>>>> From: christopher nesbitt <christopher.nesbitt at mmrfbz.org>
>>>>>>>> Subject: [permaculture] 9th Annual PDC, MMRF, Belize, Feb 10-22nd
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture <permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID: <7571FF21-5F54-4CB4-A0A6-D21647B2FFB2 at mmrfbz.org>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> This will be our 9th Annual Permaculture Design Course. MMRF has
>>>>>>> been managed to agroforestry over the last 25 years and is one 
>>>>>>> of the
>>>>>>> oldest permaculture projects in Central America. Come take a PDC 
>>>>>>> with
>>>>>>> great teachers at a very well established permaculture project.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> 9th Annual Permaculture Design Course, February 10th through 22nd,
>>>>>>> 2014 February 10th through 22nd, 2014
>>>>>>>> Place: Maya Mountain Research Farm San Pedro Columbia, BELIZE
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Instructors: Albert Bates, Marisha Auerbach, Nicole Foss and
>>>>>>> Christopher Nesbitt with local guest instructors.
>>>>>>>> Cost:USD1250/Belize$2500 includes organic farm fresh meals, all
>>>>>>> course materials and expeditions*, comfortable accommodation in the
>>>>>>> farm, and a certificate of Permaculture Design upon completion 
>>>>>>> of the
>>>>>>> course.
>>>>>>>> For Details, or to register, please contact Christopher at
>>>>>>> info(a)mmrfbz.org.
>>>>>>>> Through lecture, discussion, small groups, site visits and 
>>>>>>>> hands on
>>>>>>> experience, participants will gain the tools to create sustainable,
>>>>>>> ecologically based homes, farms, businesses and communities. Tucked
>>>>>>> into the foothills of the Maya Mountains, two miles up river 
>>>>>>> from the
>>>>>>> village of San Pedro Columbia in southern Belize, Maya Mountain
>>>>>>> Research Farm is a working demonstration farm and registered NGO 
>>>>>>> that
>>>>>>> promotes sustainable agriculture, appropriate technology and food
>>>>>>> security using permaculture principles and applied biodiversity.
>>>>>>>> With over 25 years of organic management and conversion from an
>>>>>>> abandoned cattle and citrus farm to a polyculture, MMRF is one of
>>>>>>> Central Americas oldest permaculture farms. Students will get a
>>>>>>> chance to see decades worth of design work applied at this venue. A
>>>>>>> fun video of the 2009 PDC is here, and some footage from the 
>>>>>>> 2010 PDC
>>>>>>> on Mexican TV, in Spanish is here, and here.
>>>>>>>> Teachers: Albert Bates is a former lawyer, paramedic, graphic
>>>>>>> artist and author of eleven books on energy, environment and 
>>>>>>> law, and
>>>>>>> produced two films on ecovillages. He is the founder of the
>>>>>>> Ecovillage Network of the Americas and was active in the 
>>>>>>> creation of
>>>>>>> the Global Ecovillage Network. He has lectured and universities and
>>>>>>> government agencies and worked on natural buildings, village
>>>>>>> infrastructure, and permaculture landscapes on 6 continents. He has
>>>>>>> been teaching permaculture design courses since 1994.
>>>>>>>> Marisha Auerbach has been actively practicing, studying, and
>>>>>>> teaching Permaculture in the Pacific Northwest for over a decade,
>>>>>>> specializing in food production, biodiversity, seedsaving, ecology,
>>>>>>> and useful plants. Her practical experience has been gained from
>>>>>>> living and working in both urban and rural locations. She currently
>>>>>>> teaches permaculture courses at Oregon State University, Pacific
>>>>>>> University, Bastyr University, and Portland Community College.
>>>>>>> Marisha works with many organizations including The City Repair
>>>>>>> Project, Aprovecho Education Center, Lost Valley Education Center,
>>>>>>> Fertile Ground Community Center, and Planet Repair. Marisha 
>>>>>>> holds an
>>>>>>> advanced certificate in Permaculture Aid Work and has 
>>>>>>> participated in
>>>>>>> permaculture projects from the forests of Vietnam to the Rocky
>>>>>>> Mountains of the United States to the stressed conditions of Haiti.
>>>>>>> She can be found online at www.herbnwisdom.com.
>>>>>>>> Nicole Foss is Senior Editor of The Automatic Earth, a big-picture
>>>>>>> website. Since January 2008, she and her writing partner have been
>>>>>>> chronicling and interpreting the on-going global credit crunch 
>>>>>>> as the
>>>>>>> most pressing aspect of our current multi-faceted predicament. The
>>>>>>> site integrates finance, energy, environment, psychology, 
>>>>>>> population
>>>>>>> and real politik in order to explain why we find ourselves in a 
>>>>>>> state
>>>>>>> of crisis and what we can do about it. Nicole is also an
>>>>>>> international speaker on energy and global finance. She has 
>>>>>>> lectured
>>>>>>> in hundreds of locations across North America, Europe, Australia 
>>>>>>> and
>>>>>>> New Zealand, and has made many media appearances in a variety of
>>>>>>> countries. In addition, Nicole has been involved in teaching on
>>>>>>> permaculture design certificate courses in Central America and
>>>>>>> Europe. Prior to the establishment of The Automatic Earth, 
>>>>>>> Nicole was
>>>>>>> Editor of The Oil Drum Canada, where she wrote on peak oil and
>>>>>>> finance. She also ran the Agri-Energy Producers' Associati
>>>>>>> on
>>>>>>>>   of Ontario, where she focused on farm-based biogas projects,
>>>>>>> grid connections for renewable energy and Feed-In Tariff policy
>>>>>>> development. While living in the UK she was a Research Fellow at 
>>>>>>> the
>>>>>>> Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, where she specialized in 
>>>>>>> nuclear
>>>>>>> safety in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, and conducted
>>>>>>> research into electricity policy at the EU level. She also has
>>>>>>> significant previous experience practicing as an environmental
>>>>>>> consultant. Her academic qualifications include a BSc in Biology 
>>>>>>> from
>>>>>>> Carleton University in Canada (where she focused primarily on
>>>>>>> neuroscience and psychology), a post-graduate diploma in air and
>>>>>>> water pollution control, the common professional examination in law
>>>>>>> and an LLM in international law in development from the 
>>>>>>> University of
>>>>>>> Warwick in the UK. She was granted the University Medal for the top
>>>>>>> science graduate in 1988 and the law school prize for the top law
>>>>>>> school graduate in 1997.
>>>>>>>> Christopher Nesbitt is the founder and director of Maya Mountain
>>>>>>> Research Farm. He is a farmer, and a pioneer in tropical 
>>>>>>> agroforestry
>>>>>>> and permaculture, having lived and studied agriculture in Belize
>>>>>>> since the mid 1980s. He has been engaged in agroforestry,
>>>>>>> permaculture, renewable energy through his work on the farm and
>>>>>>> elsewhere. Christopher worked for Green & Blacks, an organic
>>>>>>> chocolate company, from 1997 to 2004 on issues related to organic
>>>>>>> certification, Fairtrade certification and extension. He was a
>>>>>>> founding member of Belize Organic Producers Association and has
>>>>>>> worked as a consultant for the Government of Belize?s Ministry of
>>>>>>> Health, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries Department. He 
>>>>>>> represented
>>>>>>> Belize in workshops in Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica and Guatemala.
>>>>>>> He installs photovoltaic and photovoltaic/wind hybrid systems in
>>>>>>> protected areas, schools, village level photovoltaic water 
>>>>>>> pumps, and
>>>>>>> teaches agroforestry.
>>>>>>>> A scholarship for this Permaculture Design Course is being offered
>>>>>>> by Maya Mountain Research Farm in memory of Anne Bulford. Anne
>>>>>>> Bulford graduated from Antioch College, was active in organic
>>>>>>> agriculture in Ohio, working at Ohio Ecological Food and Farming
>>>>>>> Association, and died in November, 2008 of cancer. She has two 
>>>>>>> boys,
>>>>>>> Peter and Skyler, who live with Annes mother, Sally. Applicants 
>>>>>>> must
>>>>>>> be Belizean working in agriculture anywhere in Belize or the
>>>>>>> communities adjacent to the Maya Mountains in Belize, and a farmer,
>>>>>>> extension officer or community leader. To apply, please contact
>>>>>>> Christopher Nesbitt with a description of the work you are 
>>>>>>> doing, and
>>>>>>> a resume or CV and explain why you would like to participate in 
>>>>>>> this
>>>>>>> course.
>>>>>>>> *Fees for entry into National Parks or Archeological Reserves must
>>>>>>> be paid by the students.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> _____________________________
>>>>>>>> Christopher Nesbitt
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Maya Mountain Research Farm
>>>>>>>> San Pedro Columbia, Toledo
>>>>>>>> PO 153 Punta Gorda Town, Toledo
>>>>>>>> BELIZE,
>>>>>>>> Central America
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Country code 501-630-4386
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> www.mmrfbz.org
>>>>>>>> www.facebook.com/MayaMountainResearchFarm
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 6
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 20:30:55 -0500
>>>>>>>> From: " Darrell E. Frey " <defrey at bioshelter.com>
>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: [permaculture] The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture <permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org>, Michael 
>>>>>>>> Pilarski
>>>>>>>> <friendsofthetrees at yahoo.com>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID: 
>>>>>>>> <20140125203055.g34df5xpz448s8wo at webmail.bioshelter.com>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8; format="flowed"
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Thanks Michael. Hawthorn has eatable leaves!. Who knew
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New Society
>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 15:43:19 -0800 (PST), Michael Pilarski
>>>>>>>> <friendsofthetrees at yahoo.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>> Darrell,? thank you for the comments. I concur with you 
>>>>>>>> completely.?
>>>>>>>>> I too read the article being talked about and didn't think it 
>>>>>>>>> was a
>>>>>>>>> bad article at all.? She lambasted permaculturists who don't know
>>>>>>>>> how to garden, and rightly so.? She poked at some holes in the PC
>>>>>>>>> ideology/dogmatism, and rightly so.? We should all be alert for
>>>>>>>>> dogmatism and applying permaculture techniques blindly (such 
>>>>>>>>> as every
>>>>>>>>> pc design should include sheet mulch, a hugelkultur and a food
>>>>>>>>> forest). I went and viewed the youtube she was criticizing of 
>>>>>>>>> Mike
>>>>>>>>> Feingold's pc garden in the UK.? Mike's pc site looked good to me
>>>>>>>>> and his gardening . His dialogue was good.? I am not sure what 
>>>>>>>>> she
>>>>>>>>> was complaining about. Maybe it was because Mike looked untidy.
>>>>>>>>> Perhaps it wasn't as productive as a wall to wall garden at peak
>>>>>>>>> productivity.? But for the amount of time he put into it, I 
>>>>>>>>> suspect
>>>>>>>>> the cost/yield ratio was good.? I am perhaps biased since Mike
>>>>>>>>> Feingold is a friend of mine and we taught a pdc in Nepal 
>>>>>>>>> together.?
>>>>>>>>> here is Mike Feingold's youtube if anyone wants to watch it, 9
>>>>>>>>> minutes 37 seconds. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3R1BZVnD4M
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Michael Pilarski
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> ?
>>>>>>>>> Michael "Skeeter" Pilarski
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture - Wildcrafting - Medicinal Herbs & Seeds
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Sign up for my newsletter at www.friendsofthetrees.net
>>>>>>>>> www.facebook.com/michael.skeeter.pilarski
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Saturday, January 25, 2014 11:55 AM, Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>>> <defrey at bioshelter.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> I have to confess I have had similar experiences as the article
>>>>>>>>> describes, many times over the last 30 years. Many people have
>>>>>>>>> visited my market garden farm, who, with a limited view of
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Design, offered numerous critiques? and questioned
>>>>>>>>> where the "permaculture " was?
>>>>>>>>> ? I have been teaching permaculture design since 1987, with many
>>>>>>>>> different associates, in various venues. We always teach 
>>>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>>> as a design system applied land, buildings,? businesses, farms,
>>>>>>>>> schools lifestyles and regions and so on. Permaculture 
>>>>>>>>> encompasses
>>>>>>>>> all aspects of our human relationship to our planet and draws 
>>>>>>>>> on many
>>>>>>>>> disciplines and resources to achieve our goals consistant with 
>>>>>>>>> our
>>>>>>>>> ethics. As I heard Bill Mollison say in person in 1981, it is 
>>>>>>>>> not how
>>>>>>>>> you garden, it is just where you put the garden that makes a
>>>>>>>>> permaculture design . As a permaculture design professional I 
>>>>>>>>> help
>>>>>>>>> clients, starting from where they are, to achieve their goals 
>>>>>>>>> to live
>>>>>>>>> a more ecologically sustainable lifestyle. Sometimes that 
>>>>>>>>> includes a
>>>>>>>>> forest garden, sometimes a biointensive garden, and generally 
>>>>>>>>> a mix.
>>>>>>>>> Some may mulch, sme may till. Generally they will do both in
>>>>>>>>> different gardens.? Sometimes it is just about what they eat and
>>>>>>>>> where they buy it, and what the do with "waste" But it also 
>>>>>>>>> includes
>>>>>>>>> time management, succession planning, resource conservation, 
>>>>>>>>> and a
>>>>>>>>> goal to achieve the yields the client seeks. So, back to the 
>>>>>>>>> article
>>>>>>>>> in question, I say bravo! Let us read such self critique with 
>>>>>>>>> an open
>>>>>>>>> mind and seek to broaden the view of our associates. The 
>>>>>>>>> experience
>>>>>>>>> the author describes predate the a forementioned Vlad by 
>>>>>>>>> decades, and
>>>>>>>>> comes from people short on experience . ? A deep reading of Bill
>>>>>>>>> Mollison does not really promise no work gardening. Do not 
>>>>>>>>> confuse
>>>>>>>>> his promotion techniques with real advice. Yes, such 
>>>>>>>>> presentation by
>>>>>>>>> Mollison may have led to short sighted comprehension by 
>>>>>>>>> novices? of
>>>>>>>>> permaculture, but I do not think he, or anyone else I have taught
>>>>>>>>> permaculture with promised a yield with no work. And we did 
>>>>>>>>> not think
>>>>>>>>> mollison really suggested that entirely. I met Bill Mollison 
>>>>>>>>> in 1981
>>>>>>>>> and again in 1990 when he spent a day at my fledgling farm. He 
>>>>>>>>> wrote
>>>>>>>>> in my copy of the Designer's Manual. "Great Work!" as he 
>>>>>>>>> signed it
>>>>>>>>> for me. Work indeed!
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New 
>>>>>>>>> Society
>>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 06:18:54 -0500, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Why Bad? I think this article is a good one, althought it is very
>>>>>>>>>> critical with some expressions of PC-
>>>>>>>>>> the author is not uninformed, since she aparently read though 
>>>>>>>>>> some
>>>>>>>>> of > the basic literature plus seems to have considerable 
>>>>>>>>> experience
>>>>>>>>> in > organic food production... >
>>>>>>>>>> Its more than clear now that some of the "Mollsionisms" ("The >
>>>>>>>>> designer becomes a recliner"/ "The problem is the solution"/ 
>>>>>>>>> etc.) >
>>>>>>>>> were great vehicles to draw atention back in the 80ies, but 
>>>>>>>>> also >
>>>>>>>>> helped to build "cult permaculture" & a cadre of enthusiastic 
>>>>>>>>> PC >
>>>>>>>>> illuminates described in the article. No problem...I have been 
>>>>>>>>> one >
>>>>>>>>> after my first PDC back in 1996....and I?m happy for that, 
>>>>>>>>> since >
>>>>>>>>> this motivated me (in my case) to actually try to establish 
>>>>>>>>> some >
>>>>>>>>> systems and realize that not everything works as well in 
>>>>>>>>> realiity as
>>>>>>>>>> described th the PC Designers Manual, a greant book but 
>>>>>>>>>> definitly
>>>>>>>>> not > the "bible" and/or ultimate expression of PC. >
>>>>>>>>>> Every course of some PC celebrities (Geoff Lawton is one 
>>>>>>>>>> prominent
>>>>>>>>>> example) adds some more to this number (and I think nobody in 
>>>>>>>>>> thios
>>>>>>>>>> group wants to qualify him as some body who gives "bad 
>>>>>>>>>> courses"),
>>>>>>>>> and > its only through a few years of practice "on the ground", >
>>>>>>>>> establishing designs, getting dirtty, maintainig developing 
>>>>>>>>> systems,
>>>>>>>>>> producing food, experiencing how systems actually work and 
>>>>>>>>>> evolve >
>>>>>>>>> over time in different climates & contexts, that the 
>>>>>>>>> imaginative >
>>>>>>>>> power of PC concepts get grounded. >
>>>>>>>>>> saludos desde Colombia (en este momento)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Holger
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> El 24/01/14 04:14, permaculture-request at lists.ibiblio.org 
>>>>>>>>>> escribi?:
>>>>>>>>>>> The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> http://www.resilience.org/stories/2014-01-23/the-trouble-with-permaculture 
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> a very bad article; Vlad fodder, awful - just to see what the
>>>>>>>>>>> uninformed
>>>>>>>>>>> are up to
>>>>>>>>>> -- Holger Hieronimi - holger at tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>>> TIERRAMOR - Dise?o Integrado
>>>>>>>>>> www.tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>>> Dise?o de sistemas ecol?gicos
>>>>>>>>>> Consultas y asesor?as
>>>>>>>>>> Facilitaci?n de conferencias, seminarios, cursos y talleres
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with >
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration 
>>>>>>>>> and >
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>> message archives: 
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Message: 7
>>>>>>>> Date: Sat, 25 Jan 2014 19:22:25 -0800 (PST)
>>>>>>>> From: Koreen Brennan <cory8570 at yahoo.com>
>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: [permaculture] The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>> To: permaculture <permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org>
>>>>>>>> Message-ID:
>>>>>>>> <1390706545.88940.YahooMailNeo at web161004.mail.bf1.yahoo.com>
>>>>>>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> I think my main objection to the article is that the author seems
>>>>>>> to have interacted with only the most ignorant armchair
>>>>>>> permaculturists and not looked at the positive. It's not a very
>>>>>>> balanced article and comes across as a bit of sour grapes to me. ?I
>>>>>>> do agree that there is dogma in permaculture and there are
>>>>>>> assumptions being made by some in the movement. I agree we need to
>>>>>>> document our results and am happy that activity is increasing. But
>>>>>>> I'm not ready to throw out the concept of "lazy gardening" when 
>>>>>>> I get
>>>>>>> such huge yields in the first year with little work from some small
>>>>>>> plots in my yard, ?by using the old standbys of sheet mulch,
>>>>>>> hugulkulture, and unfamiliar (but delicious) perennial and tropical
>>>>>>> vegetables (which are far more suited to my ecosystem than lettuce
>>>>>>> and tomatoes). As Michael said, the work to yield ratio is very
>>>>>>> attractive. Is it economically viable? It certainly cut down on my
>>>>>>> fresh food bill, but I'm well aware that what I do in
>>>>>>>> my yard is not viable for a market garden. Using true cost
>>>>>>> accounting and measuring inputs vs outputs, I made a very 
>>>>>>> healthy net
>>>>>>> profit on it for the planet and my own well being however. Am I
>>>>>>> "wasting good urban farm land?" My yard was Florida sugar sand, 
>>>>>>> til I
>>>>>>> transformed it with the local organic waste stream. Many urban 
>>>>>>> plots
>>>>>>> contain depleted and compacted soil not to mention heavy metals and
>>>>>>> chemicals - far from ideal farm land! Am I growing greens and fruit
>>>>>>> instead of carbs? Guilty as charged, but I eat greens daily. What
>>>>>>> would be the footprint for me to buy them instead of grow them? 
>>>>>>> I can
>>>>>>> buy rice in bulk once a month. I go to my garden daily for fresh
>>>>>>> greens. Do I like food forests? Yes, love them (but in an urban 
>>>>>>> area
>>>>>>> would call them edible forest gardens as a more accurate term). 
>>>>>>> Do I
>>>>>>> wait years for them to be productive? That has never been my
>>>>>>> understanding of how to design an urban forest garden, nor would it
>>>>>>> be the preferred way to do
>>>>>>>> commercial agroforestry when possible to do otherwise. Do I think
>>>>>>> that market gardening is not "good permaculture?" I'm well aware of
>>>>>>> how much food my city consumes and where a good chunk of that
>>>>>>> realistically is going to come from. We need hundreds of market
>>>>>>> gardens that incorporate permaculture principles. ?I am doing my 
>>>>>>> part
>>>>>>> to make it easier for market gardeners to be successful. 
>>>>>>> Meanwhile, I
>>>>>>> garden because I love it and I love the yield from it. It offers
>>>>>>> balance and a regular connection with the natural world.?
>>>>>>>> There is a place for both market gardeners and back yard food
>>>>>>> foresters. We do not have to fight or put each other down. :-) 
>>>>>>> ?There
>>>>>>> is so much good happening amongst new urban permaculturists who
>>>>>>> haven't gardened much before but nonetheless are turning their 
>>>>>>> lawns
>>>>>>> into abundant jungles of edibles. What are they doing right? How 
>>>>>>> can
>>>>>>> that be improved upon? ? It's also really exciting to see the work
>>>>>>> that Darrell Frey (I enjoyed your book, Darrell) and other market
>>>>>>> gardeners and small farmers are doing as they combine the 
>>>>>>> principles
>>>>>>> of permaculture with their already substantial knowledge of 
>>>>>>> farming.?
>>>>>>>> Sometimes new designers pass judgment on the way I'm doing things
>>>>>>> too - I suppose it is human nature to some degree. I just tell 
>>>>>>> them -
>>>>>>> "I will be very interested in seeing your project in 2-3 years. Be
>>>>>>> sure to let me know how it goes!" with a friendly grin. :-) ?
>>>>>>>> ?
>>>>>>>> ?
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Saturday, January 25, 2014 8:31 PM, Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>> <defrey at bioshelter.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Thanks Michael. Hawthorn has eatable leaves!. Who knew
>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New Society
>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 15:43:19 -0800 (PST), Michael Pilarski
>>>>>>>> <friendsofthetrees at yahoo.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>> Darrell,? thank you for the comments. I concur with you 
>>>>>>>> completely.?
>>>>>>>>> I too read the article being talked about and didn't think it 
>>>>>>>>> was a
>>>>>>>>> bad article at all.? She lambasted permaculturists who don't know
>>>>>>>>> how to garden, and rightly so.? She poked at some holes in the PC
>>>>>>>>> ideology/dogmatism, and rightly so.? We should all be alert for
>>>>>>>>> dogmatism and applying permaculture techniques blindly (such 
>>>>>>>>> as every
>>>>>>>>> pc design should include sheet mulch, a hugelkultur and a food
>>>>>>>>> forest). I went and viewed the youtube she was criticizing of 
>>>>>>>>> Mike
>>>>>>>>> Feingold's pc garden in the UK.? Mike's pc site looked good to me
>>>>>>>>> and his gardening . His dialogue was good.? I am not sure what 
>>>>>>>>> she
>>>>>>>>> was complaining about. Maybe it was because Mike looked untidy.
>>>>>>>>> Perhaps it wasn't as productive as a wall to wall garden at peak
>>>>>>>>> productivity.? But for the amount of time he put into it, I 
>>>>>>>>> suspect
>>>>>>>>> the cost/yield ratio was good.? I am perhaps biased since Mike
>>>>>>>>> Feingold is a friend of mine and we taught a pdc in Nepal 
>>>>>>>>> together.?
>>>>>>>>> here is Mike Feingold's youtube if anyone wants to watch it, 9
>>>>>>>>> minutes 37 seconds. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3R1BZVnD4M
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Michael Pilarski
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> ?
>>>>>>>>> Michael "Skeeter" Pilarski
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture - Wildcrafting - Medicinal Herbs & Seeds
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Sign up for my newsletter at www.friendsofthetrees.net
>>>>>>>>> www.facebook.com/michael.skeeter.pilarski
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Saturday, January 25, 2014 11:55 AM, Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>>> <defrey at bioshelter.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> ? I have to confess I have had similar experiences as the article
>>>>>>>>> describes, many times over the last 30 years. Many people have
>>>>>>>>> visited my market garden farm, who, with a limited view of
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Design, offered numerous critiques? and questioned
>>>>>>>>> where the "permaculture " was?
>>>>>>>>> ? I have been teaching permaculture design since 1987, with many
>>>>>>>>> different associates, in various venues. We always teach 
>>>>>>>>> permaculture
>>>>>>>>> as a design system applied land, buildings,? businesses, farms,
>>>>>>>>> schools lifestyles and regions and so on. Permaculture 
>>>>>>>>> encompasses
>>>>>>>>> all aspects of our human relationship to our planet and draws 
>>>>>>>>> on many
>>>>>>>>> disciplines and resources to achieve our goals consistant with 
>>>>>>>>> our
>>>>>>>>> ethics. As I heard Bill Mollison say in person in 1981, it is 
>>>>>>>>> not how
>>>>>>>>> you garden, it is just where you put the garden that makes a
>>>>>>>>> permaculture design . As a permaculture design professional I 
>>>>>>>>> help
>>>>>>>>> clients, starting from where they are, to achieve their goals 
>>>>>>>>> to live
>>>>>>>>> a more ecologically sustainable lifestyle. Sometimes that 
>>>>>>>>> includes a
>>>>>>>>> forest garden, sometimes a biointensive garden, and generally 
>>>>>>>>> a mix.
>>>>>>>>> Some may mulch, sme may till. Generally they will do both in
>>>>>>>>> different gardens.? Sometimes it is just about what they eat and
>>>>>>>>> where they buy it, and what the do with "waste" But it also 
>>>>>>>>> includes
>>>>>>>>> time management, succession planning, resource conservation, 
>>>>>>>>> and a
>>>>>>>>> goal to achieve the yields the client seeks. So, back to the 
>>>>>>>>> article
>>>>>>>>> in question, I say bravo! Let us read such self critique with 
>>>>>>>>> an open
>>>>>>>>> mind and seek to broaden the view of our associates. The 
>>>>>>>>> experience
>>>>>>>>> the author describes predate the a forementioned Vlad by 
>>>>>>>>> decades, and
>>>>>>>>> comes from people short on experience . ? A deep reading of Bill
>>>>>>>>> Mollison does not really promise no work gardening. Do not 
>>>>>>>>> confuse
>>>>>>>>> his promotion techniques with real advice. Yes, such 
>>>>>>>>> presentation by
>>>>>>>>> Mollison may have led to short sighted comprehension by 
>>>>>>>>> novices? of
>>>>>>>>> permaculture, but I do not think he, or anyone else I have taught
>>>>>>>>> permaculture with promised a yield with no work. And we did 
>>>>>>>>> not think
>>>>>>>>> mollison really suggested that entirely. I met Bill Mollison 
>>>>>>>>> in 1981
>>>>>>>>> and again in 1990 when he spent a day at my fledgling farm. He 
>>>>>>>>> wrote
>>>>>>>>> in my copy of the Designer's Manual. "Great Work!" as he 
>>>>>>>>> signed it
>>>>>>>>> for me. Work indeed!
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Darrell E. Frey
>>>>>>>>> Three Sisters Farm
>>>>>>>>> defrey at bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>> www.bioshelter.com
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Author; Bioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm. New 
>>>>>>>>> Society
>>>>>>>>> Publishing, 2011
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Sat, 25 Jan 2014 06:18:54 -0500, Holger Hieronimi
>>>>>>>>> <holger at tierramor.org> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Why Bad? I think this article is a good one, althought it is very
>>>>>>>>>> critical with some expressions of PC-
>>>>>>>>>> the author is not uninformed, since she aparently read though 
>>>>>>>>>> some
>>>>>>>>> of > the basic literature plus seems to have considerable 
>>>>>>>>> experience
>>>>>>>>> in > organic food production... >
>>>>>>>>>> Its more than clear now that some of the "Mollsionisms" ("The >
>>>>>>>>> designer becomes a recliner"/ "The problem is the solution"/ 
>>>>>>>>> etc.) >
>>>>>>>>> were great vehicles to draw atention back in the 80ies, but 
>>>>>>>>> also >
>>>>>>>>> helped to build "cult permaculture" & a cadre of enthusiastic 
>>>>>>>>> PC >
>>>>>>>>> illuminates described in the article. No problem...I have been 
>>>>>>>>> one >
>>>>>>>>> after my first PDC back in 1996....and I?m happy for that, 
>>>>>>>>> since >
>>>>>>>>> this motivated me (in my case) to actually try to establish 
>>>>>>>>> some >
>>>>>>>>> systems and realize that not everything works as well in 
>>>>>>>>> realiity as
>>>>>>>>>> described th the PC Designers Manual, a greant book but 
>>>>>>>>>> definitly
>>>>>>>>> not > the "bible" and/or ultimate expression of PC. >
>>>>>>>>>> Every course of some PC celebrities (Geoff Lawton is one 
>>>>>>>>>> prominent
>>>>>>>>>> example) adds some more to this number (and I think nobody in 
>>>>>>>>>> thios
>>>>>>>>>> group wants to qualify him as some body who gives "bad 
>>>>>>>>>> courses"),
>>>>>>>>> and > its only through a few years of practice "on the ground", >
>>>>>>>>> establishing designs, getting dirtty, maintainig developing 
>>>>>>>>> systems,
>>>>>>>>>> producing food, experiencing how systems actually work and 
>>>>>>>>>> evolve >
>>>>>>>>> over time in different climates & contexts, that the 
>>>>>>>>> imaginative >
>>>>>>>>> power of PC concepts get grounded. >
>>>>>>>>>> saludos desde Colombia (en este momento)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Holger
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> El 24/01/14 04:14, permaculture-request at lists.ibiblio.org 
>>>>>>>>>> escribi?:
>>>>>>>>>>> The Trouble with Permaculture
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> http://www.resilience.org/stories/2014-01-23/the-trouble-with-permaculture 
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> a very bad article; Vlad fodder, awful - just to see what the
>>>>>>>>>>> uninformed
>>>>>>>>>>> are up to
>>>>>>>>>> -- Holger Hieronimi - holger at tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>>> TIERRAMOR - Dise?o Integrado
>>>>>>>>>> www.tierramor.org
>>>>>>>>>> Dise?o de sistemas ecol?gicos
>>>>>>>>>> Consultas y asesor?as
>>>>>>>>>> Facilitaci?n de conferencias, seminarios, cursos y talleres
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with >
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration 
>>>>>>>>> and >
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>>>>> toward
>>>>>>>>> list maintenance:
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>>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of 
>>>>>>>>> landtech
>>>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation toward
>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>> message archives:? 
>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>>>>>>> Avant Geared? http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>> ------------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation toward
>>>>>>> list maintenance:
>>>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>>>> message archives: http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>>>>>>> Avant Geared  http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>>>> End of permaculture Digest, Vol 132, Issue 26
>>>>>>>> *********************************************
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> _______________________________________________
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>>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation toward
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>>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net Avant Geared http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and
>>>>>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
>>>>>> subscribe/unsubscribe|user config|list info|make a donation 
>>>>>> toward list
>>>>>> maintenance:
>>>>>> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/permaculture
>>>>>> message archives: http://lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture/
>>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>>>>> Avant Geared  http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with
>>>>>> integrated
>>>>>> elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced
>>>>>> nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>>
>>>>> ---
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>>>>> _______________________________________________
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>>>>> maintenance:
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>>>>> Google message archive search:
>>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>>>> Avant Geared  http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with 
>>>>> integrated
>>>>> elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced
>>>>> nature-compatible human habitat
>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>> permaculture mailing list
>>>> permaculture at lists.ibiblio.org
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>>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>>> Avant Geared  http://www.avantgeared.com
>>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with 
>>>> integrated
>>>> elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced
>>>> nature-compatible human habitat
>>>>
>>>
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>>> site: lists.ibiblio.org/pipermail/permaculture [searchstring]
>>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>>> http://www.ipermie.net
>>> Avant Geared  http://www.avantgeared.com
>>> https://plus.google.com/+Avantgeared
>>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech 
>>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with 
>>> integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and 
>>> enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
>> _______________________________________________
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