[permaculture] History of biointensive, regenerative agriculture, soil quality, gardening guide and handtool sourcelist.
Lawrence F. London, Jr.
venaurafarm at bellsouth.net
Fri Dec 31 13:47:45 EST 2010
[I plan to add much more to this resource list. LL]
The work of Bargyla Rateaver:
Organic Method Primer Update: A Practical Explanation : the How and Why
for the Beginner and the Experience
by Bargyla Rateaver, Gylver Rateaver
Book - January 1993
A Condensation of Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening
A Condensation of Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening (1st Edition)
by Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, Bargyla Rateaver (Editor), Gylver Rateaver (Editor)
Book - January 1973
The Work of Carey Reams:
Carey A. Reams (1903-1985) was a man ahead of his time. Trained in
mathematics, biophysics, and biochemistry he made many discoveries in
the fields of human health, plant growth, energetics, animal health, and
soil restoration. These findings were later codified in an overall view
of life and energy known as Reams Biological Theory of Ionization (RBTI).
Insect, weed and disease resistance in plants that have a high Brix
reading and are nutrient dense.
High Brix Farming and Gardening
Nutrient Dense Food
(this is now a popular trend guiding grocery shoppers to higher quality
produce - Whole Foods now features certain fruits and vegetables that
they advertise as being "nutrient dense")
And the contribution of Acres USA again:
"Whatever the answer to those questions, it is known that he created a
bombshell in the early 1970’s when he, refractometer in hand, walked
into the office of ACRES USA and placed a simple chart on the editor’s
desk. That chart correlated brix numbers with four general quality
levels for most fruits and vegetables. Copied innumerous times, it has
made its way around the world over and over."
Reams Biological Theory of Ionization
Understand what health is and what it means.
Understand levels of body chemistry using urine and saliva.
Understand the proper relationship of mental and spiritual aspects of
health relating to body chemistry.
"As a mathematical genius Reams was very familiar with Einstein's energy
equation and understood its significance. During his many years of
friendship with Albert Einstein he once chided him saying 'you know how
to take matter apart but you don't know how to put it back together
again.' Einstein immediately shot back that figuring out how to do that
was a job for Reams."
And a nice discovery:
Free PDF Search Engine
# Carey Reams in Usenet newsgroup archives at Google Groups
# Carey Reams' Testing & Evaluation Methods, February 2007 • Vol. 37,
No. 2 Acres USA article by Arden Anderson
# PHOSPHATE By Dr. Carey A. Reams The factor which determines the ...
The work of Rex Harrill:
USING A REFRACTOMETER TO TEST THE QUALITY OF FRUITS & VEGETABLES
Copyright 1994, 1998 by Rex Harrill
PUBLISHED BY PINEKNOLL PUBLISHING
P 0 BOX 6, KEEDYSVILLE, MD 21756
PH/FAX 301-432-2979 Cell phone 301-992-2979
The Quest for Nutrient-Dense Food: High-Brix Farming and Gardening
Jun 9, 2009 ... Suze Fisher interviews Rex Harrill on high-brix farming
(link is 404)
Weston Price interview with Rex Harrill.
Dr. Ana Primavesi
(nutrient and microbial balances). Steve Diver summarized her work:
This particular archive contains much useful information. It is made up
of posts to sanet, permaculture and other forums over the years.
You can browse summaries of the archives containing the individual
posts or download each complete archive in plain text format containing
all the messages in no particular order.
Soil Foodweb, Inc.
soilfoodweb at aol.com
Soil Foodweb Approach
Soil Foodweb Oregon, LLC
635 SW Western Blvd, Corvallis OR 97333
tel: 541 - 752 - 5066 fax: 541 - 752 - 5142
info at oregonfoodweb.com
soilfoodweb at AOL.COM
Summaries of selected online resources:
Compost Tea, Soil Foodweb, Soil Quality Discussion
Each archive as downloadable individual text files:
03-Jul-2008 16:44 2.1M
[ ] CompostTea+SoilFoodWeb
03-Jul-2008 16:44 1.4M
[ ] CompostTea-SoilFoodweb
03-Jul-2008 16:47 4.8M
[ ] Composttea&Soilfoodweb-2
03-Jul-2008 16:43 182K
[ ] compost+soilfoodweb-sanetdiscussion
03-Jul-2008 16:43 848K
Other useful information:
Soils In Biological Agriculture
Remineralize the Earth
Glomalin: Hiding Place for a Third of the World's Stored Soil Carbon -
From: "ARS News Service" <isnv at ars-grin.gov>
To: "ARS News List" <ars-news at ars-grin.gov>
Subject: High CO2 Stimulates Soil-Building "Glue"
Date: Wed, Aug 11, 1999, 11:03 AM
High CO2 Stimulates Soil-Building "Glue"
ARS News Service
Agricultural Research Service, USDA
Don Comis, (301) 504-1625, dcomis at asrr.arsusda.gov
August 12, 1999
"In the first examination of the effects of high atmospheric carbon
dioxide levels on soil structure, an Agricultural Research Service
scientist and cooperators found that the gas stimulates soil-dwelling
fungi to produce more of a unique protein that greatly amplifies a
soil's ability to store carbon.
The study's results are described in a letter published in the August 12
issue of Nature magazine. One of the letter's authors, ARS soil
scientist Sara F. Wright, previously discovered the protein and named it
glomalin. She suspects it may be the primary glue that holds soil
together. Now it appears that a little of this glue goes a long way
toward helping soils keep carbon out of the atmosphere in the form of
Glomalin: Hiding Place for a Third of the World's Stored Soil Carbon
A sticky protein seems to be the unsung hero of soil carbon storage.
Until its discovery in 1996 by ARS soil scientist Sara F. Wright, this
soil "super glue" was mistaken for an unidentifiable constituent of soil
organic matter. Rather, it permeates organic matter, binding it to silt,
sand, and clay particles. Not only does glomalin contain 30 to 40
percent carbon, but it also forms clumps of soil granules called
aggregates. These add structure to soil and keep other stored soil
carbon from escaping.
As a glycoprotein, glomalin stores carbon in both its protein and
carbohydrate (glucose or sugar) subunits. Wright, who is with the
Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland,
thinks the glomalin molecule is a clump of small glycoproteins with iron
and other ions attached. She found that glomalin contains from 1 to 9
percent tightly bound iron."
Date: Fri, 11 May 2001 08:18:07 -0500
Sender: Sustainable Agriculture Network Discussion Group
<SANET-MG at LISTS.IFAS.UFL.EDU>
From: "Wilson, Dale" <WILSONDO at PHIBRED.COM>
Subject: Chitin in laymans terms
"Two basic strategies for mechanical support are found among living
things, bones/muscles and tough, hard shells. Plants, fungi, insects,
spiders, and crustaceans (including lots of tiny, tiny soil creatures)
have shells or cell walls. Most of these exoskeletons and walls are
made of sugar molecules spun together to make long chains. The sugar
molecules are connected by a kind of linkage or bond that is very
resistant to breakdown (unlike starch, which is easily broken into
sugar). The plants make cell walls mainly out of cellulose, the main
constituent of cotton and wood. The animals (and most fungi) that make
cell walls and exoskeletons make them out of a substance very similar to
cellulose called chitin, also fiberous and hard to break down. It is
almost identical chemically to cellulose, except the sugar molecules
have an amino group (contains N) stuck on the side.
The fact that chitin contains all this nitrogen has important
implications ecologically. Nitrogen is a scarce resource in most
systems (well, not if you apply 200 lb/a!), and chitin is an important
source of N, and sugar in many systems. There has been great pressure
for the evolution of organisms that can exploit this resource. In soils
with a large currency of chitin (soils with a lot of fungi) there are
also many organisms that eat chitin for breakfast. In such situations,
chitin is less effective as armor plate. It so happens that nematodes
use chitin as armor plate, and of course most fungi do to. Soil with a
high rate of formation and breakdown of chitin is less hospitable to
nematodes and fungi. Flora must spend more energy
defending itself. Plants have ways of exploiting this situation at the
root/soil interface. It is all wonderfully complex and, well,
miraculous (also very violent on a tiny scale)."
VAMs, phosphorous, clover, formononetin & Myconate:
Subject: Re: [SANET-MG] Soil solution concentrations of phosphorus
Date: Wed, 29 Dec 2010 13:08:10 -0500
From: Beginning Farmers <beginningfarmers at gmail.com>
To: Sustainable Agriculture Network Discussion Group
<SANET-MG at lists.ifas.ufl.edu>
"Based on this result it was postulated that the plants were actually
sending out a 'signal' when they were under P stress that 'told' the
mycorrhizae 'we need help'. Another researcher, Muralee Nair, was able
to isolate a compound called formononetin - an isoflavanoid (think
soybeans) that was responsible for the signal. Formononetin was present
in such small quantities that Nair didn't believe the results at first.
But after isolating and synthesizing the compound, he consistently got
significant increases in not only mycorrhizal colonization but also
rhizobial nodulation (associated with nitrogen fixation) in legumes. You
can get the paper for free here:"
[The following document will contain all of the above information with
revisions containing many new resources]
Soil quality, biointensive no-till gardening guide, gardening hand tool
June 4, 2010 Revision
Gardening Hand Tool Sourcelist
Farm & Garden Hand Tool Sourcelist
Permanent No-Till Biointensive Double-Dug Raised Bed Garden Preparation
and Handtool Information & Sourcelist
More information about the permaculture