[OP] Flower induction in organic pineapples
Organic Pineapple Working Group
opwg at lists.ibiblio.org
Mon Aug 24 19:37:41 EDT 2009
Most pineapple growers in Mexico prefer Calcium Carbide due to it's
lower cost, greater availability and effective results on Smooth
Cayenne when DISOLVED IN ICE WATER AND SPRAYED ON AT NIGHT.
(That's how it's done).
Duane Bartholomew posted:
> Regarding indications that ethylene is more effective than carbide
> (acetylene), if there is a difference, it probably isn't relevant
> where growers plant MD-2 or another sensitive (easy to force)
> Carbide is widely used by growers in Ghana and Taiwan and probably
> elsewhere because it is cheap and easy to use and is very
And highly explosive.
> In fact, I don't think the issue of whether acetylene or ethylene
> is more effective has ever been settled. I am not aware of any
> papers where a direct comparison has been made after people
> learned how to use both materials effectively.
As whether pineapple forced using calcium carbide can be certified
As mentioned earlier, permitting either substance would have to be
allowed as an exception to the general rule, and what is permitted
by one country's market may vary from the substances and procedures
permitted or prohibited by another.
Since certification by an accredited third party agent has become
the key to selling a product as organic, I strongly suggest that
anyone planning on selling their pineapple in the organic market
check with their certifier before using any manufactured product.
Although IFOAM is considered to be the highest organic authority by
many, IFOAM regulations are not taken into account by the USDA and I
suspect, the same is true for the ECM.
Finally, the availability of a procedure or naturally occurring
substance or capable of inducing florescence in pineapple could
cause organic authorities to withdraw their approval for synthetic
ethylene and calcium carbide, where those exist.
<douglas.hinds at gmx.com>
<douglas.hinds at gmail.com>
Center for Community and Rural Development (CeDeCoR, A.C.)
<cedecor at gmx.net>, <cedecor at gmail.com>, <cedecor at inbox.com>
Alianza para la Responsabilidad Ecológico y Social en el Desarrollo
(Alliance for Ecological and Social Responsibility in Development)
<aresd at gmx.com>
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: Organic Pineapple Working Group <opwg at lists.ibiblio.org>
> Date: Monday, August 24, 2009 2:56 am
> Subject: Re: [OP] Flower induction in organic pineapples
> To: 'Organic Pineapple Working Group' <opwg at lists.ibiblio.org>
>> Calcium Carbide is not allowed under IFOAM regulations. Only ethylene gas is allowed. However, there are indications that ethylene is more effective than carbide.
>> From: opwg-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org [mailto:opwg-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of Organic Pineapple Working Group
>> Sent: 20 August 2009 03:28
>> To: Organic Pineapple Working Group
>> Cc: ilmi at iti.lk
>> Subject: [OP] Flower induction in organic pineapples
>> I am not sure how acceptable carbide stones are. As far as I know, on contact with water, carbide liberates acetylene gas which is an analogue of ethylene. Certain unacceptable impurities are also known to be present in tcarbide.
>> Would like your comments.
>> -------Original Message-------
>> From: Organic Pineapple Working Group
>> Date: 8/19/2009 6:21:29 PM
>> To: opwg at lists.ibiblio.org
>> Subject: Re: [OP] OPWG Digest, Vol 17, Issue 1
>> Currently there is the use of carbide stones. I am not positive on the source of this carbide, or the chemistry. It releases ETHYLENE gas upon contact with moisture.
>> > From: opwg-request at lists.ibiblio.org
>> > Subject: OPWG Digest, Vol 17, Issue 1
>> > To: opwg at lists.ibiblio.org
>> > Date: Tue, 18 Aug 2009 16:57:02 -0400
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>> > 1. Re: Pineapple News No. 16 (Organic Pineapple Working Group)
>> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>> > Message: 1
>> > Date: Fri, 14 Aug 2009 16:16:11 +0530
>> > From: Organic Pineapple Working Group <opwg at lists.ibiblio.org>
>> > Subject: Re: [OP] Pineapple News No. 16
>> > To: "Organic Pineapple Working Group" <opwg at lists.ibiblio.org>
>> > Message-ID: <4A854073.000018.05740 at ITI-PC>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"
>> > Dear Duane,
>> > I wonder if you would be able to help with information on organically
>> > acceptable methods for flower induction.
>> > Best regards,
>> > Shanthi
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