[NAFEX] GM plants, corn , court cases
road's end farm
organic101 at linkny.com
Sat Feb 14 18:20:24 EST 2004
On Friday, February 13, 2004, at 12:48 PM, Peter Knop wrote:
> 1.) Can anyone give me the citation for a court case where Monsanto (or
> others) won on the "ownership" issue of drifted pollen?
I see several people have already sent links about this.
> 2) Of course all corns we eat today are genetically modified if one
> to be technical about it - hybridising modifies the genetics.
> Inserting by
> mechanical or chemical means new genes is what I guess I would define GM
> plants to be - does someone else have a better definition I could use?
This is one of those cases where the term may have different technical
meanings depending on who's using it. "Genetic modification" apparently
has been used for many years as a technical term to apply to what is
thought of by most people as traditional breeding. However there is a
technical definition for the way in which it's used by most people
arguing about it today; in fact, there's now a legal definition. I quote
from the USDA organic standards, in which these methods are being
defined so they can be forbidden. (To further complicate the issue,
these standards define these specifically, and confusingly, as "excluded
methods". I don't know who came up with this term, which is used by
nobody I've ever heard of except USDA. It makes little sense, especially
as other things besides GMO's are also excluded from organic growing,
but only GMO's are in the definition.) Anyway, here's the legal
"A variety of methods used to genetically modify organisms or influence
their growth and development by means that are not possible under
natural conditions . . . such methods include cell fusion,
micro-encapsulation and macroencapsulation, and recombinant DNA
technology (including gene deletion, gene doubling, introducing a
foreign gene, and changing the positions of genes when achieved by
recombinant DNA technology).
Such methods do not include the use of traditional breeding,
conjugation, fermentation, hybridization, in vitro fertilization, or
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