[b-hebrew] Noun in -WT

Pere Porta pporta7 at gmail.com
Wed Apr 20 23:49:49 EDT 2011


Isaac,

if sound U refers to HW), he...... how do you explain, within your theory,
that SGRW means  -as you write yourself-   "they locked" and not "he
locked"?

Same queston about XANU, they encamped: why not "he encamped"?


Pere Porta
(Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)

2011/4/21 Isaac Fried <if at math.bu.edu>

>  We need only recall the fundamental statement of Hebrew grammar:
>
>
> A Hebrew word (sans attached prepositions) consists of a root plus personal
> pronouns.
>
>
> A personal pronoun (PP) כינוי גוף is a temporary universal name given to a
> "thing", or object, in order to identify it, in other words, a PP is an
> identity marker.
>
> The PP may come before the first, after the last, or in-between the radical
> letters. For "infixes" the Hebrew language uses as identity markers the
> sound I (in my opinion a contracted HI היא ), the sound U (in my opinion a
> contracted HU הוא ), and also E and O, with no gender implied. In order not
> to confuse the root no consonant is allowed (with rare exceptions) between
> the radical letters.
>
> At the root ends the identifiers may contain N (as in ANI), M (as in HEM),
> T (as in AT), H (as in HEN), and K (as in ANOKIY).
>
> U-T is the combined HU-AT.
>
> For example:
>
> SUGAR = S-HU-GAR with the internal HU referring to the thing used for
> locking.
>
> SAGUR = SAG-HU-R with the internal HU referring to the locked thing.
>
> SAGRU = GAGR-HU, 'they locked'.
>
> HUSGAR = HU-SGAR, 'he was turned in', HUSGRU = HU-SGR-HU, they were turned
> in'.
>
> KAP, 'palm of the hand, spoon', KAP-IY, 'my spoon', KAP-IY-T, 'a little
> spoon, an effeminate spoon'.
>
> XALAB, 'milk', XALB-U, 'they milked', XALAB-IY, 'my milk', or 'milky' (M.),
> XALAB-IY-T, 'milky' (F.).
>
> XAN-U, 'they parked, they encamped', XAN-U-T, 'store'.
>
> MELEK, 'king', MALK-U, 'they ruled', MALK-U-T, 'kingship, kingdom',
> MALK-U-T-IY, 'regal' (M.), MALK-U-T-IY-T, 'regal' (F.).
>
>
> etc., etc., etc..
>
>
> Isaac Fried, Boston University
>
>
>   On Apr 20, 2011, at 6:03 AM, Pere Porta wrote:
>
>   Dear b-hebrew listers,
>
> I would like to propose a debate on nouns in -WT in the Bible. And so,
> DMWT,
> image (Is 40:18) and similar.
> I think there are three kinds of such nouns:
>
> 1. Those that derive from bases lamed-heh (or lamed-yod if you prefer):
> DMWT, image; GLWT, exile (Is 20:4)... These substitute the heh of the base
> by -WT
> 2. Those that are produced by inserting a W between the last two root
> consonants, the last of which is T. And so, SHERWT, service, built on the
> basic SHERET, to serve (Dt 18:7)
> 3. Those that simply add -WT to the three consonants of the base: SKLWT,
> stupidity (Ec 10:13), of the basic SEKEL, stupidity (Ec 10:6); MLKWT,
> royalty (1Ch 29:25), of the basic MELEK, king.
>
> Now, nouns in 1. are distributed in two types:
> --those that take shewa in their first root consonant: D:MWT
> --those that take qamats in their first root consonant: GFLWT
>
> Am I right?
> Are there some other kinds of nouns in -WT?
>
> Friendly,
>
> --
> Pere Porta
> (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)
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>
>
>


-- 
Pere Porta



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