[b-hebrew] Definite articles and proper names in B-Hebrew

James Christian jc.bhebrew at googlemail.com
Tue Oct 13 19:28:18 EDT 2009


Thanks for that. I'm missing the bit where it explains the lack of the
article in conjuction with elohim in the creation account. None of the
points he makes seem relevant.

James Christian

2009/10/13 Bryant J. Williams III <bjwvmw at com-pair.net>

> Dear James,
>
> Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, p. 404, para. 126, 2.
>    "The article is, generally speaking, employed to determine a substantive
> wherever it is required by Greek and English; thus:
>        (a) When a person or thing already spoken of is mentioned again, and
> is
> consequently more definite to the mind of the hearer or reader; e.g. Gn 1:3
> and
> God said, Let there be light; verse 4 and God saw the light ('et-ha'or).
>
> Probably more to the point is pages 410ff.
>    When a genitive, deteremined in any way, followsa nomen regens, it also
> determines the nomen regens, which, according to para. 89 a, is always in
> the
> construct state. Moreover, every pronominal suffix attached to a
> substantive is,
> according to para. 33 c, to be considered a genitive determinate by nature.
> An
> independent genitve may be determinate -
>    (a) By its character as a proper name (according to 125 a), e.g. debar
> YHWH,
> the word of the LORD.
>
> Of course, Gesenius gives several examples of instances where the article
> is
> omitted due to rhythm or rhetoric.
>
> Rev. Bryant J. Williams
>  ----- Original Message -----
> From: "James Christian" <jc.bhebrew at googlemail.com>
> To: "Joel C. Salomon" <joelcsalomon at gmail.com>
> Cc: "Biblical Hebrew list" <b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org>
> Sent: Tuesday, October 13, 2009 2:22 PM
> Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] Definite articles and proper names in B-Hebrew
>
>
> > I hate to bring this up again but after so long a discussion we don't
> seem
> > to have reached any kind of grammatically plausible explanation of why
> the
> > article is consistently missing in the style of the creation account.
> > Is there anybody in favour of this being explained in the same way as the
> > absence in construct forms is explained? i.e. that phrases don't need
> > definite articles if there are other indicators which make the phrase
> > definite? If so, what are those indicators?
> >
> > Could it be that implicit definiteness is what explains that lack of
> > definite articles in most languages? Native speakers of Slavonic
> languages
> > like Polish, Ukrainian and Russian - what difference do you perceive
> between
> > names and titles in your native languages? (NB there is no definite
> article
> > in Slavonic languages)
> >
> > James Christian
> >
> >
> > 2009/10/6 Joel C. Salomon <joelcsalomon at gmail.com>
> >
> > > James Christian wrote:
> > > > I think you are referring to ויהי איש אחד מן הרמתים צופים which is
> > > commonly
> > > > translates as 'And there was a certain man from Ramathaim-Zophim'.
> I'm
> > > > guessing that you are trying to point out that Ramathaim-Zophim is a
> > > proper
> > > > name and yet is used with a definite article?
> > >
> > > I have seen this explained (by Malbim, IIRC) that "the Ramathaim" were
> > > twin towns named Ramath.
> > >
> > > —Joel Salomon
> > >  _______________________________________________
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> > >
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> >
>
>
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