[b-hebrew] Genesis 37:15
VadimCherny at mail.ru
Mon Sep 26 12:23:14 EDT 2005
>>>> I recall that "will" acquired its future tense auxiliary role in ME.
>>>> Thus, at some point it shared functions of independent verb abd tense
>>>> auxiliary. At that time, "What wilt thou?" is a close analogy to
>>>> idiomaically employed future tense in Hebrew.
>>> The verb "will" certainly had two different uses, one as a future
>>> auxiliary and one as an independent verb. Both uses are common in the
>>> King James Bible. But the two uses are clearly distinct, already by
>>> 1611, both in syntax (the future auxiliary has no "to" before the
>>> following verb, which is mandatory with the independent verb form)
>> but there is no "to" in "What wilt thou?"
> The rule is that the future "will" must be followed by a main verb without
> "to". Where there is no verb, there is no "to". But in the future sense it
> is not possible to drop the main verb. If the main verb is indefinite, you
> can say "What will you do?" with a future meaning, but you cannot shorten
> this to "What will you?", which has a quite different meaning "What do you
"What wilt thou" has neither "to," as common for "will" in the sense "want,"
nor a main verb, as common for "will" as future aux. Thus, the phrase seems
to reflect an intermediate sense between "want" and future aux, a function
resembling yiqtol mvksh.
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