[b-hebrew] 'iysh and zakar
kwrandolph at email.com
Mon Feb 28 11:00:45 EST 2005
Your examples are right, where we are dealing with the grammatical )Y$ (in the same manner English used the "he") to refer to the indeterminate third person.
However, the example brought up by Dora from the context indicates that we are dealing with a man as opposed to a woman. It is still an indeterminate reference ("any man") but it is set in contrast to "woman".
It is the context that allows us to recognize the grammatical )Y$.
Karl W. Randolph.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Peter Kirk" <peterkirk at qaya.org>
> On 28/02/2005 11:09, Yigal Levin wrote:
> > Hi Dora,
> > I think you've got the meanings reversed. "Ish" means "man" - an adult
> > male - resumablly a male who is past puberty. It never means "man and
> > woman". "Zakhar" is a male of any age. So what is forbidden, is for a "man"
> > to lie with any male (child or adult).
> But 'ish by no means always refers to an adult male, although
> doubtless it does in this context in Leviticus. It is commonly used
> in a much weaker sense "each", where the referents may include
> women as in Job 42:11, 1 Chronicles 16:3, and inanimate objects as
> in 1 Kings 7:30,36. And similarly in an indefinite sense, Psalm 1:1
> is hardly restricted in application to adult males.
> -- Peter Kirk
> peter at qaya.org (personal)
> peterkirk at qaya.org (work)
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