[b-hebrew] b-hebrew.questions on the Suares translation of the The Song of Songs
hholmyard at ont.com
Mon Dec 5 21:46:43 EST 2005
Brett Casben wrote:
>I have been working through the Song of Songs using Fox as a reference complemented by the new Bloch translation. Recently I was referred to a commentary by Carlos Suares which raises several questions in relation to the actual translation of certain words in the original Hebrew which I would be grateful of some assistance in resolving if possible.
> 1. Suares translates the double dallet/yod as it appears in several places through the text as being 'nipples' where it is is generally referred to 'lovemaking' in other texts.
It means "beloved": "my beloved one."
> 2. The root sheen/mem somehow equates to name, essence, being and the like and is varyingly interpreted in 1:3 as oils, your oils, your essence, your name in its various parts but there doesn't seem any clear analysis as to which means what. Any suggestions?
There are two different words. $MN is "oil," and $M is "name."
> 3. The word Turaq is interpreted in some cases as a name and sometimes as a verb, 'to pour out' surely there must be a clearer indication as to its meaning. Fox favours pour out but Suares states it as a name and indicates it is the name of the person who is being addressed whereas according to my enquiries it seems to be a place name. However it also crops up in the original Hebrew tav waw raysh quof as an alternative spelling for the Torah. Is this a possible interpretation, I mean, a reasonable meaning?
It is the verb "empty" in a passive form (Hophal) that means "poured out."
> 4. Suares interprets the 'chamber' in 1:4 as specifically referable to a place of religious study where almost all other commentators have it as a bedroom. Any thoughts?
It generally is an inner room and most often, if I remember, the bedroom.
> 5. In 1:6 Suares has the opening word order changed and translates Al as El extracting an interpretation 'toward God'. This is obviously totally at variance with most other translations.
It sounds wrong. That is a significant change since AL is a negative
> 6. Also in this verse the vineyard is varying interpreted as a symbol of 'a full life' (Suares), sexual development, (Fox), isn't there some more clear statement as to its imagery? Is this the same 'vineyard' referred to in Hosea 2:15?
It is not the same vineyard as in Hosea 2:15. The language there is
figurative. Here it is an actual vineyard. However, at the end of the
verse "her own vineyard" may be a way of figuratively describing her own
body, whose skin she somewhat neglected in caring for the family vineyards.
> 7. In 1:7 Suares has sheen lamed mem hay as Shalomah (phonetic) not sallamah (lest/Fox) followed by aleph hay yod hay as it appears in Genesis for 'I am' as Yahweh describes himself. This seems extraordinarily divergent in meaning. Is there any support for the Suares interpretation or is it considered completely out of field.
I've never heard it. The phrase is a relative pronoun and the verb
"love," with "my soul" as the subject: "whom my soul loves."
> 8. Suares makes consistent use of tracking the root meaning to extract the idiom and this throws up two consistent interpretations at variance with the accepted translations. The first is ghimel dallet as it appears in 1:9 et seq which he interprets from its root 'goat' to mean new journey. How does this square off with his interpretation of ayn yod noun - ghimel dallet yod as a reference to 'a vine no longer wanted'.
You seem to have the wrong verse. There is no "ghimel dallet" sequence
> 9. The second is dallet ghimel 2:4 et seq which he interprets from its root 'first borne of the sea' to mean a fish. In this regard can I also refer you to Ruth 3:9 where the same root word seems to appear and ask if this is the same referent.
HH: The word probably means "banner." His banner over her is love. The
same root does not occur in Ruth 3:9. Here's a lexical definition of it:
: I d≈g≈ll; MHb.2; Akk. diglu eyesight, view (what is looked at)
(Volterra AANL 1963:131ff, ˘ ZAW 76:202); i) banner, (cf. Arb. ra}yat
from r}y to see), and ii) “row of flags”, army, EgArm. (DISO 55), Eg.
dgr, dgryr (Burchardt 1197f = (}l)d≈g≈ll; :: alt. Arb. dajjaœlat, large
crowd, Tigr. Wb. 541b dagal crowd): = d≈ig≈lo®, d≈ig≈le®hem: —1.
banners, standards (BRL 160ff; Reicke-R. 194; BA 20:43f) Nu 152 and 22
(|| }oœt◊oœt◊); —2. division of a tribe (d≈e mahΩ∞ne®h) Nu
2310.17f.25.31.34 1014.18.22.25; —3. sign (?) of an inn ?, Song 24 (˘
Gesenius-B., Rudolph:. Zolli Bibl. 21:273f: look, cf. diglu v.s.)
> 10. In 2:7 et seq Suares rejects the interpretation Jerusalem insisting that it omits the customary yod in favour of 'peaceful city' which maybe all Jerusalem is anyway (although it has hardly ever been that, eh?).
This is the standard form for the name "Jerusalem," occurring regularly.
> 10A. In 2:9 the word commonly translated as 'gazelle' Suares identifies by its root as 'substance/thickness' and that for young stag as 'dust'. Are you able to assist as to whether there is support for either of these translations?
I don't know and don't care. The word here is "gazelle."
> 11. In 4:3 Suares translates kaf hhayt waw tayt as sin and hay sheen noun yod as dull or foolish which stands rather at odds with the traditional interpretation. Again is their any other support for this interpretation?
Since you seem relatively unfamiliar with Hebrew, let me say that Suares
is probably not a commentary you should be using. I have not used it,
but the man seems to play around with words in a way that is not helpful
for a relative newcomer to biblical hebrew.
> 12. Suares also identifies the word as it appears in 6:6 as hay mem waw raysh as derivative of mem waw raysh, to exchange not, as most often translated as myrrh which he points out is elsewhere identified in the Song as mem raysh without the interposed waw. If this is the case is the construction the same as that appearing in Hosea 4:13?
> 13. Suares identifies the season in 2:11 as autumn rather than spring as ayn bayt raysh he translates as 'prepare, rather than 'past'. Any comments?
> 14. In 2:13 Suares states that the fig tree is a 'well known symbol' but omits to tell us precisely for what, is it new life, is it the productive spirit, is it faithfulness, what?
> 15. In 4:1 Suares translates sheen ayn raysh khaf as price, value or measure. This is a long way away from the standard translation. Any support for this?
> 16. In 4:5 Suares translates the word usually interpreted as breasts, sheen dallet yod khaf, as a reference to 'the Almighty' Elohim. Now there is a leap I wouldn't want to make alone. Any help there?
> 17. In 5:1 yod ayn raysh yod - dallet bayt sheen is translated in Bloch as 'my honeycomb with my honey' whereas Suares gived the first word the meaning of either 'forest' or 'wilderness' and the second as a 'spoilt fermentation'.
>I realise there is an awful lot to lay on you however if some of the issues could be addressed that would be very much appreciated.
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