[b-hebrew] Machir and the Exodus ?
leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il
Wed Sep 1 03:08:34 EDT 2004
While I agree with George's statement below, what do you do with 1 Chr.
7:20-28, in which the sons of Ephraim were killed by the men of Gath, and
Ephraim, after mourning their loss, then had another son and a daughter (or
maybe granddaughter), who "built" places in the Beth-horon area. This would
seem to contradict the Torah, according to which Ephraim was born in Egypt
and never lived in Canaan. There are many other passages in the Chr.
genealogies which seem to assume that the sons of Jacob and their immediate
descendants all lived in the Land of Israel, but this is the most specific.
Sarah Japhet concluded that the Chronicler denied the whole Egypt-Exodus
story. I would not go that far, but this certainly does not fit in with the
passages y'all have been quoting.
There is a talmudic midrash, by the way, that explains this by claiming that
there was a group of Israelites who tried to "hasten the redemption" by
fleeing Egypt right after the death of Joseph and attempting to settle in
Canaan. Of course they failed, since they were not following God's plan.
> > _______________________________________________
> I dislike fundamentalist squirming to avoid obvious problems with a text
> and the archaeological / non-biblical documentary evidence. Here,
> however, I think we have a case where there is truly no attempt to avoid
> the facts by any technicality. Josh 13.31 and 17.1 do not imply that
> Machir was living at the time of the conquest. Rather it states in 13.31
> that it was LiB:N"Y MfKiYR (the descendants of Machir) that it was to be
> given. Similarly in 17.1 it is as a figure of speech where the
> descendants are signified by their progenitor. This is not uncommon in
> the Biblical literature. Consider too that had Machir actually been in
> the conquest this would have contradicted the judgment given upon the
> return of the spies and the murmuring of the people in Nu 14.22, 23 "?22
> none of the men who have seen my glory and my signs which I wrought in
> Egypt and in the wilderness, and yet have put me to the proof these ten
> times and have not hearkened to my voice, ?23? shall see the land which I
> swore to give to their fathers; and none of those who despised me shall
> see it." It is first necessary to understand what the text actually says
> before looking for problems -- perhaps they really don't exist (i.e.
> those particular problems).
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