[b-hebrew] Re: Compound Words in Hebrew
George F. Somsel
gfsomsel at juno.com
Mon Jun 28 09:15:01 EDT 2004
On Mon, 28 Jun 2004 07:41:24 -0500 "Eduard C Hanganu"
<eddhanganu at hotmail.com> writes:
> Hello to all!
> Are there compound words in Hebrew? A friend with whom I have been
> discussing this matter states:
> "Concerning the "evening morning", I was inclined, as you say, to
> this phrase as a unit, and somehow it is a unit, but not a compound
> word. In
> Hebrew, compound words stand in a special connection called status
> constructus (or s'michut), where the second noun has a free
> state, and the first one is bound (construct) to the second one,
> modified and linked to the second by a makkef (kind of hyphen)."
> "That the two are considered as separate nouns, is visible in v. 26,
> the reference back to them is in form of two definite nouns "haéreb
> wehabbóqer", which is quite strange for our European languages, but
> Hebrew it is usual (e.g. Num 3:46: literally "the redemption of the
> of the seventy and of the two hundreds", meaning: "the redemption of
> the 273
> people"). So the unity of the evening and of the morning is not to
> understood as a compound word, but as a syntactical and
> form, an intentionally obscure phrase, fitted for the apocalyptic
> manner of
> expression (as "a time, two times and half a time"; or "70 weeks").
> It is
> quite transparent that the expression is encoded. All apocalyptic is
> language. Especially when it comes to the length of time to the end,
> or the
> identity of the most dangerous enemies of God."
> My question is purely morphological, and please, allow me to repeat
> does the lexicon of the Hebrew language include COMPOUND words? And
> if the
> answer is affirmative, what is the Grammar that discusses this
> Thanks for your help!
Not to make any comment on the presence or lack thereof of compound words
in Hebrew, I don't think this can be considered as a compound since if
this were considered to be one concept rather than 2 the period
envisioned would then be 6 years rather than 3.
More information about the b-hebrew