Dating the Pentateuch, Pithom/Succoth
peter_kirk at sil.org
Mon Mar 20 11:08:48 EST 2000
Thank you, Walter, for your excellent evidence in support of the
theory (proposed by David Rohl) dating the Exodus in the Middle
Bronze, at the end of the 13th dynasty. This was the period when the
site was occupied by Asiatics and then abandoned by them, exactly
according to the Exodus traditions.
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Subject: Dating the Pentateuch, Pithom/Succoth
Author: <mattfeld at mail.pjsnet.com> at Internet
Date: 19/03/2000 12:32
As noted in earlier posts to this list, I am attempting to establish dates
for the composition of the Pentateuch via its mention of cities, towns and
sites, whose archaeological foundation dates have been established.
Naville, excavating at Tell el-Maskhutah (1880's), found inscriptions
suggesting the site was known by two names, Pi-Tum, "the house of Tum"
referring to a temple erected for Tum/Atum, a god of Egypt, and Tukw/Tukwt,
the region's name, which he argued has been transliterated into the Hebrew
form, Succoth. He also found what he regarded to be large mud-brick
storehouses which he attributed to the Israelites, and he argued that the
site was known by two interchangeable names, religiously as Pithom, and
civically as Succoth.
Holladay has concluded from the excavations conducted at Tell el Maskhutah
in the 1980's that this site was occupied from ca. 1750-1625 BCE (Middle
Bronze II-III) by Asiatics, then abandoned apparently until circa 610 BCE,
when Necho II established a fortress there to protect the canal he was
creating from the Nile to the Red Sea.
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