nxzaha at wm.edu
Tue Mar 7 10:16:50 EST 2000
Hello! I always understood the x-qatal phrase in Genesis 22:1 as saying, in effect,
"what follows was a TEST" -- that is, notifying the reader in advance and with emphasis
that the request from God to Abraham to sacrifice his son was a test, that God was not
really interested in getting a human sacrifice but rather in Abraham's willingness to
obey. There is a subtle difference between that and your translation: your
translation is like putting a descriptive title at the top of a paragraph, my
understanding is rather like a notification that provides a specific viewing point from
which to observe a story that might otherwise be read differently.
"Lee R. Martin" wrote:
> Dear Friends,
> How would you exegete the clauses in Genesis 22:1?
> I am thinking of the following:
> 1- The verse begins with wayyiqtol of HYH, a discourse marker,
> introducing a new element into the narrative, namely the testing of
> 2- The first clause is temporal, providing a setting for the upcoming
> narrative: "And it happened after these events..."
> 3- The second clause is where I need your help. It is a x-qatal clause.
> "and God tested Abram."
> 4- The third clause begins with wayyiqtol, which suggests the beginning
> of the narrative proper. "And God said to him, "Abram..."
> I am thinking that the second clause is the apodosis (a la Niccacci) to
> the first clause. The two clauses go together to form the
> introduction/background/setting for the narrative that begins with the
> third clause. I might paraphrase the interpretation thusly: "After
> these events, the testing of Abraham happened."
> Niccacci's discussion of Wayihi (sections 31,32) points to the fact that
> a temporal circumstance may be followed by wayyiqtol or x-qatal, and
> many examples may be given. He does not, however, explain the difference
> between the two constructions. He says that both structures refer to "a
> single past action." So what is the difference between them?
> Lee R. Martin
> Pastor, Prospect Church of God, Cleveland, Tennessee
> Instructor in Hebrew and Old Testament
> Church of God Theological Seminary
> You are currently subscribed to b-hebrew as: nxzaha at wm.edu
> To unsubscribe, forward this message to $subst('Email.Unsub')
> To subscribe, send an email to join-b-hebrew at franklin.oit.unc.edu.
More information about the b-hebrew