The "times" of Isaiah

ROGLAND at rullet.LeidenUniv.nl ROGLAND at rullet.LeidenUniv.nl
Thu Sep 23 03:49:11 EDT 1999


> > 240 QATALs with future meaning.
> > 201 QATALs with present meaning (including 22% with the words "Thus says YHWH")
> > (This means that 41% of all qatals are somewhat problematic.)

        The _koh 'amar yhwh_ formula is in fact a past tense, not a 
        performative utterance in the third person (which can occur under 
        limited conditions).  J. Krispenz has noted that in a number of 
        cases the formula occurs with the prepositional phrase "to me", 
        and writes: "Versucht man, die Botenformel in dieser Gestalt als 
        Koinzidenzfall zu verstehen, so ergibt sich, dass dann nicht nur 
        Sprechen und Handeln sowie Sprecher und Subjekt identisch sind, 
        sondern dass hier Sprecher, Subjekt und Angeredeter in eins 
        fallen.  Der Prophet spricht in der Rolle Jahwes den Propheten an 
        -- eine bizarre Konstruktion!" ("Grammatik und Theologie in der 
        Botenformel", ZAH 11.2 [1998] 133-139, p.137).
 
 
> > 34 WAYYIQTOLs with future meaning.
> > 37 WAYYIQTOLs with present meaning.
        
        Would it be possible to get a listing of these qatals/wayyiqtols 
        with future or present meaning?  I'm curious to see how it would 
        agree or disagree with my own analysis.
        
        sincerely,
        
        Max Rogland
        Leiden University
        



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